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Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Regulations, 1990











83. Fencing of terminals.-

(1) Except on water side, the perimeter of the container terminal shall be fenced, by wire mesh or some other suitable material of substantial construction, and of adequate strength and permanency, which shall be at least 1.5 metre high.

(2) There shall be separate entry and exit points to the container terminal and shall be clearly marked.

(3) Wherever the containers are stocked, the load bearing capacity of the floor shall be adequate.

(4) Suitable signs or signals indicating terminal road and pedestrian traffic shall be erected and maintained at suitable points.

(5) A special area or road-way or part thereof shall be provided for waiting of the vehicles. No private vehicle other than the container handling equipment and vehicles for transporting containers shall be allowed inside the container terminals.

(6) All areas where mechanical handling appliances and transport equipment operate, shall be kept free of pot holes, unnecessary equipment and obstructions.

(7) All operational areas and access to them shall be provided with sufficient and suitable lighting as specified under regulation 16.

84. Lifting appliances and other equipment.-

(1) Container terminals shall be equipped with suitable lifting appliances and transport equipment which shall be maintained in good repair and working order.

(2) (a) In the case of fork lift trucks employed for handling empty containers, the length of the forks shall be equal to the full width of the container and the capacity of the fork lift shall be matching with the weight of the container.

(b) No fork-lift trucks shall be employed for handling container which do not have fork pockets.

85. Container operation.-

(1) Prior to the use of container spreader, the work supervisor, foreman or any authorised person shall ensure that it is in good working order and has been tested as per the provisions under regulation 47 (1).

(2) Single or multi-legged slings shall not be used for lifting of containers.

(3) The weight of the container and the spreader used shall be noted in relation to the safe working load of the lifting appliance or transport equipment used.

(4) When loading or discharging, the container shall be hoisted squarely under the plumb to avoid swinging of the container.

(5) The special lifting appliances employed in container handling shall be operated only by the operators possessing adequate knowledge and skill for these operations.

(6) Lifting appliances employed in container handling shall be operated under the guidance of a signaller who shall be properly trained. When the signaller is not in a position to communicate effectively with the operator of the crane, other effective means of signalling like walkie-talkie, short wave radio, etc. shall be employed.

(7) When a container is being lowered or hoisted from a chassis, no person shall remain in the cabin of its prime mover.

(8) No person shall be standing on a container while-

(a) it is being lifted or lowered; and

(b) another container is being lifted or lowered adjacent to it.

(9) No person shall be lifted to the top of a container by a container spreader which is being lifted by a crane or any other appliance

(10) When a ladder is used to climb to the top of a container the ladder shall be of sound construction provided with anti-skid devices or suitable securing arrangements and there shall be someone to hold the bottom of the ladder wherever necessary.

(11) When workers have to work on top of the containers-

(a) it shall be ensured that the surface is dry and clean to avoid slipping; and

(b) suitable and safe means shall be provided to the workers for going on top of containers and attending to lashing and unlashing of containers.

(12) Pedestrians shall not be allowed in any part of the container terminal other than the passages marked for their use.

(13) The container shall be firmly secured to the chassis of truck by means of twist locks before it is transported.

(14) All containers employed in dock work shall be tested, maintained, Inspected and approved by a competent authority.

86. Stuffing and destuffing.-

(1) The containers used for stuffing shall be clean, dry and free from odour.

(2) Proper lighting arrangements shall be provided for the stuffing of the containers and light fittings shall be safely located.

(3) Containers mounted on chassis shall be properly secured and supported and proper bridge plates shall be used while the stuffing or destuffing operation is on.

(4) Dangerous goods which are not recommended for grouping together shall not be stuffed in the same container.

(5) Containers stuffed with dangerous goods shall be labelled with internationally approved levels.

(6) When fork lift is employed for stuffing or destuffing no other person shall be inside container.

(7) No container shall be stuffed beyond its capacity which is marked on It and containers shall be stuffed in such a manner that weight distribution is uniform as far as possible, throughout the floor area of containers.

(8) No smoking shall be permitted during stuffing or destuffing operations inside the container.

(9) Upon completion of the stuffing, the container door shall be properly secured with a lock or container seals.

(10) When a container is to be destuffed, only one door shall be opened carefully at a time to prevent possibility of any cargo collapsing.

(11) Dock workers employed in stuffing and destuffing of reefer containers shall be provided with proper protective clothing.