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Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Regulations, 1990











87. Fencing of motors, etc.-

(1) All motors, cogwheels, chains and friction gearing, flywheels, shaftings, every dangerous and moving parts of machinery (whether or not driven by mechanical power) and steam pipes shall be securely fenced or lagged.

(2) The fencing of dangerous parts of machinery shall not be removed while the machinery is in motion or in use, but if removed, shall be replaced before the machinery is taken into normal use again.

(3) No part of any machinery which is in motion and which is not securely fenced shall be examined, lubricated, adjusted or repaired except by persons duly authorised.

(4) Machine parts shall only be cleaned when the machine is stopped.

(5) When machinery is stopped for servicing or repairs, adequate means shall be taken to ensure that it cannot inadvertently be restarted.

88. Electrical equipment.-

(1) Only duly authorised person shall be permitted to install, adjust, examine, repair, displace or remove electrical equipment or circuits.

(2) Efficient and suitably located means shall be provided for cutting off all pressure from every part of the system, as may be necessary to prevent danger.

(3) All portable electrical equipment shall be maintained in good working order and inspected by a responsible person at least once in every day before It is taken into use.

(4) Portable electric light or equipment used in a confined space shall be of twenty-four volts or less.

(5) Only flame proof electrical equipment shall be used in a confined space where inflammable gas, fume or dust is likely to be present.

(6) All non-current carrying metal parts of electrical equipment shall be earthed or other suitable measures shall be taken to prevent them from becoming live.

(7) Portable or flexible electric conductors shall be of heavy duty type and shall be kept clear of loads, running gear and moving equipment.

(8) All live conductors shall be adequately insulated or fenced to prevent danger by accidental contact of dock workers or non-current carrying parts of lifting appliances, conveyors, transport equipment and machinery.

89. Transport of dock workers on land.-

Suitable means of safe transport shall be provided for the dock workers for their movement from their place of booking to the working area or between the two working areas when the distance between the points exceeds two kilometres.

90. Transport of dock workers by water.-

(1) When any dock worker has to proceed to or from a ship by water for the purposes of carrying on a dock work, proper measures shall be taken to provide for his safe transportation. Vessels used for this purpose shall be in charge of a responsible person, and shall be properly equipped for safe navigation and maintained in good condition.

(2) The means of transport referred to in sub-regulation (1) shall conform to the following:

(a) adequate protection is provided to the dock workers from inclement weather;

(b) the vessel shall be manned by adequate and experienced crew, duly authorised by competent authority;

(c) if the bulwarks of the vessel are lower than 60 centimetres, the open edges shall be fitted with suitable fencing to a height of at least one metre above the deck. The posts, stanchions and similar parts used in the fencing shall not be spaced more than two metres apart;

(d) the number of life buoys on deck shall be at least equal to the number of persons in the crew and shall not be less than two;

(e) all life buoys shall be kept in good state of maintenance and be so placed that if the vessel sinks they remain afloat, one of the said buoys shall be within the immediate reach of the steerman and another shall, be situated far apart; and

(f) the position of the steerman of the vessel shall be such that he has a reasonably free view of all sides.

(3) Maximum number of persons that can be safely carried In the vessel shall be certified by a competent authority and marked plainly and conspicuously on the vessel and such number shall not be exceeded.

91. Reporting of accidents.-

(1) Notice of any accident in a dock which either,

(a) causes loss of life; or

(b) disables a person from work on which he was employed for the rest of the day or shift in which the accident occurred; shall forthwith be sent by telegram, telephone or special messenger within four hours of the occurrence to,-

(i) the Inspector:

(ii) the relatives of the workers when the accident causes loss of life to the dock worker or is likely to disable the dock worker from work for more than ten days; and

(iii) in the case of fatal accidents also to:

(a) the officer-in-charge of the nearest Police Station, and,

(b) the District Magistrate or if the District Magistrate by order so directs, the Sub-Divisional Magistrate.

(2) In the case of accidents falling under Cl. (b) of sub- regulation (1) the injured person shall be given first-aid and thereafter immediately transferred to a hospital or other place of treatment.

(3) Where any accident causing disablement subsequently results In the death of dock worker, notice in writing of the death shall be submitted to the authorities mentioned in sub-regulation (1) within 72 hours after the death occurs.

(4) The following classes of dangerous occurrences shall be reported to the Inspector, whether death or disablement is caused or not, in the manner prescribed in sub-regulation (1):

(a) collapse or failure of lifting appliances or conveyors or breakage or failure of rope, chains or other loose gears and lifting devices or overturning of cranes, used in dock work, falling of hatchboards or cargo from sling, displacement of hatch beams or coverings;

(b) collapse or subsidence of any wall, floor, gallery, roof, platform, staging or means of access;

(c) explosion of a receiver or vessel used for the storage, at a pressure greater than atmosphere pressure of any gas or gases (Including air) or any liquid or solid resulting from the compression of gas;

(d) explosion or fire causing damage to any place in the dock in which dock workers are employed;

(e) collapse, capsizing, toppling or collision of the transport equipment,

(f) spillage or leakage of dangerous goods and damage to their containers; and

(g) breakage, buckling or damage of freight containers.

(5) If a failure of lifting appliance, loose gear and transport equipment has occurred, the concerned appliance, gear or equipment and the site shall, as far as practicable, be kept undisturbed until inspected by the Inspector.

(6) Every notice given under sub-regulation (1) and sub-regulation (4), shall be confirmed within seventy-two hours of the occurrence by submitting a written report to the inspector in Form XII and a proper acknowledgment obtained provided that in case of an accident under Cl. (b) of sub-regulation (1), such written report need be submitted only when the dock worker is disabled from work on which he was employed for more than forty-eight hours from the time of accident.

92. Notification of certain diseases.-

(1) When a dock worker contracts any disease specified in Schedule IV, a notice in Form XIV shall be sent by the employer forthwith to the Inspector.

(2) If any medical practitioner attends on a dock worker suffering from any disease specified in the aforesaid Schedule, the medical practitioner shall without delay send addressed to the Director General, Directorate General Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes, Central Labour Institute Building, Sion, Bombay- 400022, a notice stating the name and full particulars of the patient and the disease.

93. Safety Officers.-

(1) Every Port Authority and dock labour board shall employ safety officers as per the scale laid down in Schedule III.

(2) Every other employer of dock worker shall employ at least one safety officer, provided that the employers may form a group and appoint safety officer for the group as per the scale laid down in Schedule I with the written permission of the Chief Inspector.

(3) The duties, qualifications and conditions of service of the safety officer shall be as provided in Schedule III.

(4) The safety officer shall be assisted by suitable assistants and staff which shall be got approved from the Chief Inspector.

94. Renewal of licences.-

The Port Authorities before issue of renewal of the licences of employers of dock workers shall obtain a report from the Chief Inspector or the Inspector, regarding the safety performance and compliance of the regulations and take into consideration the report while granting the renewal of the licence.