title1.gif (827 bytes)





txtsp.gif (48 bytes)



Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Regulation, 1990









A.-Working Places

9. Surfaces.-

(1) Every regular approach over a dock which the working place and every such working place inside the dock which workers have to use for going to or from a dock shall be,-

(a) kept clean and free from objects that can cause slipping, stumbling or falling,

(b) maintained in good repair with due regard to the safety of the dock workers.

(2) All areas of a dock shall be kept properly drained and graded In order to facilitate safe access to sheds, warehouses and store places and safe handling of cargo and equipment.

(3) Drain pools and catch basins shall be properly covered or enclosed.

(4) All areas of a dock and all approaches on which lifting appliances and transport equipment are used shall be soundly constructed, surfaced with good wearing material and sufficiently even and free from holes and cracks to afford safe transport of cargo and shall be properly maintained.

(5) Any working area in a dock which is damaged or under repair shall be effectively blocked off from other areas and when necessary,, warning lights shall be provided at night.

(6) All landing places used by dock workers for embarking or disembarking from crafts meant for transport by water, shall be maintained in good repair with due regard to the safety of the persons using them.

10. Fencing of dangerous places.-

(1) The following parts of a dock and approaches as far as practicable having regard to the traffic and working be securely fenced so that the height of the fence shall be in no place less than one meter and the fencing shall be maintained in good condition:

(a) all breaks, dangerous comers, and other dangerous parts or edges of a dock;

(b) both sides of such foot ways, over bridges, caissons, and dock gates as are in general use by dock workers and each side of the entrance at each end of such foot way for sufficient distance not exceeding, 4.5 meters:

Provided that in case of fences which were constructed before the date of commencement of this regulation, it shall be sufficient if the height of the fence is in no place less than 75 cm.

(2) The ditches, pits, trenches for pipes and cables and other hazardous openings and excavations shall be securely covered or adequately fenced.

(3) Where wharves or quays slope steeply towards the water, the outer edge shall be protected as far as practicable.

11. Passages to be kept clear.-

(1) Cargo shall not be so stored or transport equipment or lifting appliances so placed on any areas of a dock where dock workers are employed so as to obstruct access to ships, cranes, life saving appliances, fire fighting equipment and welfare facilities provided under these regulations.

(2) Where any place is left along the edge of any wharf or quay, it shall be at least 90 cms, wide and shall be kept clear of all obstructions other than fixed structures, plant and appliances in use.

(3) Where working areas of a dock are enclosed and the traffic warrants, a separate gate or passage shall be provided for pedestrians.

12. Railings and fencings.-

(1) All railings for the fencing of hatchways, accommodation ladders, grangways, stainway for embarking, disembarking, and any other dangerous place shall be of sound material, good construction and possess adequate strength and unless specified in these regulations;

(a) be at least one metre in height; and

(b) consist of two rails or two taut ropes or chains supporting stanchions and toe boards.

(2) Intermediate rails, ropes or chain shall be 50 centimetre high.

(3) Stanchions shall not be more than two metre apart and shall be secured against inadvertent lifting out.

(4) The toe board shall be at least 15 centimetre high.

(5) Railings shall be free from sharp edges.

(6) Temporary fencing of hatchways elevated platforms, etc. shall be as far as reasonably practical, extend to a height of one metre and consist of either:

(a) two taut ropes or chains with stanchions; or

(b) a properly rigged and securely fastened safety net.

(7) Stairs giving access to transport vessel shall be equipped with wooden or rubber fenders so that the gap of more than 30 centimetre is maintained between the side of the steps and side of the vessel.

13. Staging construction and maintenance.-

(1) Sufficient supply of sound and substantial material shall be available at convenient place or places for the construction of staging.

(2) All staging shall be:

(a) securely constructed of sound and substantial material and shall be maintained in such condition so as to ensure the safety of all dock workers; and

(b) inspected at regular and frequent intervals by a responsible person.

(3) All planks and ropes intended to be used for a staging shall be:

(a) carefully examined before being taken into use; and

(b) re-examined by a responsible person before they are used again after the stages have been dismantled.

(4) All planks forming stages shall be securely fastened to prevent slipping.

(5) All stages shall be of sufficient width to secure the safety of the dock workers working therein. In particular, on stage at a height of two metres or more above

R. 17]   Dock Worker (Safety,Health & Welfare) RegulatIons, 1990

the ground level deck bottom, deck or tank top, shall be less than 30 centimetre wide.

(6) Planks supported as the rungs of ladders shall not be used to support stages.

(7) (a) Stage suspended by ropes or chains shall be secured as far as possible so as to prevent their swinging; and

(b) no rope or chain shall be used in suspending stages unless it Is of suitable quality, adequate strength and free from patent defects. Fibre rope shall not pass over sharp edges.

(8) Safe means of access shall be provided for the use of dock workers to and from stages and ropes used for suspending stages shall not be used as means of access.

14. Work on staging.-

(1) More than two men shall not be allowed to work at any one time on a staging plank.

(2) When dock workers are employed on staging more than 2.5 metres high, they shall be protected by safety belts equipped with lifelines which shall be secured with a minimum of flask to a fixed structure.

(3) Prior to each use, belts and lifelines shall be inspected for dry rot, chemical damage or other defects which may affect their strength. Defective belts shall not be used.

(4) Work on a staging shall not be carried on when loaded slings have to pass over the stagings and there is danger from falling objects.

15. Lifesaving appliances.-

Provision for the rescue from drowning of dock workers shall be made and maintained, and shall include;

(a) a supply of life-saving appliances, kept in readiness on the wharf or quay, which shall be reasonably adequate having regard to all the circumstances; and

(b) means at or near the surface of the water at reasonable intervals for enabling a person in water to support himself or escape from the water which shall be reasonably adequate having regard to all the circumstances.

16. Illumination.-

(1) All areas in a dock and on a ship where the dock work is carried on and all approaches to such areas and to places to which dock workers may be required to go in the course of their employment, shall be safely and efficiently lighted in an appropriate way.

(2) The general illumination, in areas on the dock where dock workers have to pass, shall be at least 10 lux and at places where dock workers are employed the illumination shall be at least 25 lux without prejudice to the provision of any additional illumination needed at particularly dangerous places.

(3) The means of artificial lighting shall, so far as is practicable, be such and so placed as to prevent glare or formation of shadows to such an extent as to cause risk of accident to any dock worker.

(4) The portable lights shall be maintained in good condition and shall:

(a) be equipped with substantial reflectors and guards; and

(b) be equipped with heavy duty electric cords with connection and insulation maintained in safe condition.

17. Fire protection.-

(1) Place where dock workers are employed shall, be provided with-

(a) sufficient and suitable fire-extinguishing equipment; and Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) regulation., 1990 [R. 18

(b) an adequate water supply at ample pressure as per national standards.

(2) Persons trained to use the fire-extinguishing equipment shall be readily available during all working hours.

(3) Fire-extinguishing equipment shall be properly maintained and Inspected at regular intervals and a record maintained to that effect.

(4) A portable fire-extinguishing equipment of suitable type shall be provided in every launch or boat or other craft used for transport of dock workers and also in the crane cabins including mobile cranes.

(5) Smoking shall not be allowed in the hold of a ship, on wharf, in warehouses and transit sheds and "No Smoking" or other cautionary notices shall be displayed at such places.

18. Excessive noise, etc.-

Adequate precautions shall be taken to protect dock workers against the harmful effects of excessive noise, vibrations and air pollution at the work place. In no case the noise levels shall exceed the limits laid down in Schedule VII.