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Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Regulations, 1990










B. Warehouses and Store Places

19. Construction.-

(1) All floors, walls, steps, stairs, passages; chutes and gangways of warehouses and storeplaces shall be of sound construction and properly maintained.

(2) The slope of ramps shall be such that the stability of transport equipment or vehicles using them is not endangered.

20. Floor loading.-

(1) The maximum load per square metre to be carried by any floor of a warehouse or store place and maximum load of any lifting appliance and transport equipment used on such floor shall be displayed at conspicuous places.

(2) The maximum loads referred to in sub-regulation (1) shall not be exceeded.

21. Stairs.-

(1) For every staircase in a warehouse or store place, a substantial handrail of a height of at least one metre shall be provided and maintained, which if the staircase has an open side shall be on that side, and in the case of a staircase having two open sides, such a handrail shall be provided and maintained on both sides.

(2) Any open side of staircase shall also be guarded by the provision and maintenance of lower rail or other effective means.

22. Openings.-

AII openings in floors and walls shall in so far as they prevent danger, be effectively protected.

23. Means of escape In case of fire.-

(1) All warehouses and store places shall be provided with sufficient means of escape in case of fire for the dock workers employed therein and all the means of escape, other than the means exit in ordinary use, shall be distinctively marked in a language understood by the majority of the dock workers.

(2) A free passageway giving access of each means of escape in case of fire shall be maintained for the use of all dock workers.

(3) In every dock there shall be provided effective and clearly audible means of giving warning in case of fire to every dock worker employed therein.

C. Means of Access

24. Access between shore and ship.-

(1) When a ship is lying at a wharf or quay for the purpose of dock work, adequate and safe means of access to the ship, properly installed and secured, shall be provided.

(2) Safe means, required by sub-regulation (1) shall be as follows:

Where practicable, the ship, accommodation ladder or a gangway or a similar construction, shall be-

(i) not less than 55 cms, wide at the steps and of adequate depth with steps having permanent non-skid surface;
(ii) properly secured and securely fenced throughout its length on each side to a clear height of one metre by means of upper and lower rails, taut ropes or chains or by other equally safe means except that in the case of ship's accommodation ladder such fencing shall be necessary one side only provided that the other side is properly protected by the ship's side;
(iii) constructed of suitable material and maintained in good condition and suitable for the purpose;
(iv) maintained in a condition as to prevent slipping;
(v) fitted with a platform at either end of the ladder and the lower platform or the treads resting on the dock;
(vi) an angle maintained not exceeding 40 degrees to the horizontal irrespective of resting on the dock.

(3) When a fixed tread ladder is used and the angle is low enough to require dock workers to walk on the edge of the treads, cleated duck boards shall be laid over and secured to the ladder.

(4) Whenever there is danger of dock workers falling between the ship and the shore, a safety knot or other suitable protection shall be rigged below the accommodation ladder in such a manner as to prevent dock workers from falling.

(5) If it is not possible to rest the accommodation ladder or gangway and the foot of the same is more than 30 cms. away from the edge of the wharf or quay, the space between them shall be bridged by a firm walkway equipped with railing on both the sides with a minimum height of one metre with the mid-rails.

(6) Access to the ship shall not be within the swinging radius of the load.

(7) When the upper end of the means of access rests on or is in flush with the top of the bulwark substantial steps properly secured and equipped with at least one substantial handrail one metre in height shall be provided between the top of the bulwark and the deck and the steps provided shall be, as far as practicable, in line with the gangway.

(8) The use of swinging derricks or rope ladders for the access shall be prohibited.

25. Access between ship and another vessel.-

(l) When a ship is alongside another ship, and dock workers have to pass from one to the other, adequate and safe means of access shall be provided for their use, unless the conditions are such that it is possible to pass from one to the other without undue risk and without the aid of any special appliance.

(2) If the other ship is sailing barge, flat, keel, lighter or other similar vessel of relatively low free board, the means of access shall be provided by the ship which has the higher tree board.

(3) Rope ladders used as a means of access between ship and another vessel shall,-

a) be of good construction, made up of suitable and sound material with adequate strength and properly maintained for the purpose for which it is used;
(b) be adequately secured at Its upper and in such a manner that It Is firmly and safely held in order to prevent any possible ship-down of its spare rolled up portion when the ladder is used;
(c) have treads which are flat and of a width and depth of not less than 30 centimetres and 15 centimetres respectively and so constructed as to prevent slipping;
(d) have suitable provisions as far as practicable, for preventing the ladder from twisting; and
(e) have bottom tread within the safe distance of the lower landing place.

26. Access between deck and hold.-

(1) If the depth from the level of the deck to the bottom of the hold exceed 1.5 metres there shall be maintained safe means of access from the deck to the hold In which work Is being carried on.

(2) Where practicable, access to the hold shall be by separate man-hatches 60 centimetre by 60 centimetre clear in size, with a sloping ladder and hand rail through each deck to the lower hold and hinged cover for a man-hatch shall, while in the open position, be effectively secured.

(3) When the length of the hatchway exceeds 7 metres, a fixed hold ladder shall be fitted both on or near the fore and aft side of the hatchway.

(4) Fixed hold ladders shall be maintained in good repair and shall comply with the following provisions:

a) the ladders shall be at least 30 centimetres between their up-rights and leave free foot-room of at least 12 centimetres behind the ladder:
(b) the rungs shall be so fastened that they cannot tilt, and the intervals between rungs shall not exceed 30 centimetres;
(c) the rungs shall afford an adequate hand-hold;
(d) the ladders shall be sufficiently long; and
(e) a suitable landing platform shall be provided for every six metres length or fraction thereof.

(5) Fixed hold ladders connecting decks shall lie in the same straight line, unless measures are taken at each tween deck for safe ascent and descent from the ladders.

(6) (a) If the fixed holds ladders cannot extend upwards on to the coamings, strong cleats shall be fitted to the coamings in the same line as the ladders at intervals not exceeding 30 centimetres having a clear internal width of at least 30 centimetres while affording free footroom of at least 12 centimeters and so constructed as to prevent the foot from slipping sideways:

(b) Coamings which are higher than 90 centimeters above the deck shall also be provided with the necessary cleats referred to in this sub-regulation on the outside.

(7) Shaft tunnels shall be provided with adequate hand-hold and boot-hold on each side.

(8) The approaches to hold ladders and stairs shall be at least 4-0 centimeters wide and shall not be obstructed, and if on one or both sides there are dangerous moving parts it shall be at least 50 centimeters wide.

(9) Cargo shall be stacked sufficiently far from the ladder to leave at each rung of the ladder foot-hold of a depth including any space behind the ladder of not less than 12 cms. for a width of 25 centimeters.

27. Fencing of and means of access to lifting appliances.-

(1) Safe means of access to every part of a lifting appliance shall be provided.

(2) The operator's platform on every crane or tip driven by mechanical power shall be securely fenced and shall be provided with safe means of access. In particular, where access is by a ladder,-

a) the sides of the ladder shall extend to a reasonable distance beyond the platform or some other suitable handhold shall be provided;
(b) the landing place on the platform shall be maintained free from obstruction and slipping; and
(c) in case where the ladder is vertical and exceeds six metres in height, a resting place shall be provided, after every six metres and part thereof.

28. Ladders.-

(1) All metal, wooden, rope or other ladders, that are used by dock workers shall be of sound material, good construction and adequate strength for the purpose for which they are intended and shall be properly maintained and kept free from oil or other slippery material.

(2) Wooden ladders, shall not be painted, but covered with clear varnish or other transparent preservative.

(3) No ladder shall be used which has-

a) a missing or defective rung; or
(b) any rung which depends for its support on nails, spikes or other similar fixings.

(4) Every ladder shall be inspected at suitable intervals by a responsible person, and if any defects are found in any ladder, the ladder shall be immediately taken out of service.