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Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Regulations, 1990










D. Decks, Hatchway., etc.

29. Bulwarks or rails.-

(l) All upper decks to which dock workers may have access for the purpose of carrying on dock work shall be provided on the outer edge upto a height of one metre above the deck with a bulwark or guard rails so designed, constructed and placed, as to prevent any dock worker from accidentally falling overboard.

(2) The bulwark or guard rails shall be continuous except where sections have to be removed for the purpose of dock work and such sections shall not extend beyond the minimum distance necessary.

30. Deck ladders.-

Ladders leading from upper deck or bridge deck or which deck to main deck shall be so situated as to reduce, as far as practicable, the risk of dock workers,-

a) being struck by cargo during loading or unloading; and
(b) falling direct into an open hold if they fall from the ladder.

31. Skeleton decks.-

(1) When dock work is proceeding at any skeleton deck, adequate staging with suitable railings shall be provided to ensure a safe working surface unless the space beneath the deck is filled with cargo to within a distance of 60 centimetres of such deck.

(2) When skeleton decks are not accessible from hold ladders, safe means of access such as portable ladders shall be provided.

32. Working spaces.-

( 1) Dock cargoes shall be stowed, or effective measures taken, so that,-

a) safe access is provided to the winches, hold ladders and to the signaller's stand; and
(b) winches and cranes used during loading or unloading can be safely operated.

(2) Safe access to the deck cargo, hold ladders and winches shall be ensured by securely installed steps or ladders.

(3) When a signaller has to move from the square of the hatch to the ship's side, a space at least 90 centimetres wide shall be kept clear.

(4) If the surface of the deck cargo is uneven, suitable measures shall be provided for the safe movement of dock workers.

(5) When deck cargo is stoved against ship's bulwark or hatch coamings and at such a height that there is a danger to the dock worker from falling overboard or into the open hold, suitable fencing shall be provided to prevent such fall.

(6) When there is a cargo on dock, it shall be ensured that the visibility between the signaller and crane or winch operator is not obstructed by making suitable arrangements.

(7) All places, such as decks, stages, etc. shall be properly cleaned and kept free from objects which can cause slipping, stumbling and falling.

(8) When the coaming is so high that signaller cannot see properly in the hold, a suitable step or platform shall be provided in such a manner that the distance between the top of the platform and the upper edge of the coaming Is not less than one metre.

(9) A clear an unobstructed space at least 90 centimetres wide and where this is not practicable as wide as is reasonably practicable shall be provided around every hatch.

(10) Any part of the ship used in connection with the dock work shall be free from patent defect and maintained in good working order.

33. Fencing around hatchways.-

(1) Every hatchway of a hold exceeding 1.5 metres in depth, which is not protected by coaming to a clear height of 75 centimetres shall, when not in use either be effectively fenced to a height of one metre or be securely covered to prevent dock workers from falling into the hold.

(2) If in any hatch dock work is carried on simultaneously at two decks, the open end of the hatch in the higher deck shall be protected to a height of one metre by means of planks or nets or in some other suitable manner to prevent fall of dock workers or cargo and the safety nets when rigged shall not be secured to the hatch covers.

(3) When an edge of a hatch section or of stowed cargo more than 2.5 metre high is so exposed that it presents a danger to dock workers falling the edge shall be guarded by a taut rope, safety net or railing to a height of one metre.

(4) Dock workers employed in a hold on a partly covered hatch or on a stack shall be protected by spreading a net or in some other suitable way, against the danger of falling down.

34. Hatch coverings, hatch beams, etc.-

(1) All fore and aft beams and thwartship beams used for hatch coverings shall have suitable gear for lifting them on and off without it being necessary for any dock worker to go upon them to adjust such gear.

(2) All hatch coverings and beams shall be kept plainly marked to indicate the deck and hatch to which they belong and their position therein.

(3) All hatch coverings and beams shall be replaced according to their markings:

Provided that this regulation shall not apply in cases where all the hatch coverings and beams of a ship are interchangeable or, in respect of marking of position, where all hatch coverings of a hatch are interchangeable.

(4) All fore and aft beams and thwartship beams including sliding beams and the tracks used for hatch coverings and all hatch coverings shall be maintained in good condition.

(5) Adequate handgrips shall be provided on all hatch coverings, having regard to their size and weight, unless construction of the hatch or the hatch covering is of a character rendering the provision of handgrips unnecessary.

(6) Hatch coverings shall not be used in the construction of stages or for any other purpose which may expose them to damage.

(7) Hatch covers and beams shall not be removed and replaced while dock work is in progress in the hold under the hatchway. Before loading or unloading take place, any hatch cover or beam that is not adequately secured against displacement shall be removed.

(8) Only an authorised person shall be permitted to open or close power operated hatch covers.

(9) Folding hatch covers shall be fitted with locking devices to prevent covers from folding back.

(10) Hatch covers shall not be opened or closed in such manner as is likely to cause injury to any dock worker.

35. Opening and closing of hatches.-

(1) Hatchways shall be opened sufficiently to allow loads to be safely hoisted or lowered.

(2) No hatch cover or hatch beam shall be removed from or replaced on any hatch unless there is around the hatch coaming an unobstructed working space at least 60 centimetre wide or where this is not reasonably practicable, as wide as is reasonably practicable.

(3) Before covering hatch with tarpaulin it shall be ensured that there is no opening left uncovered by hatch covers and that all the hatch covers are resting securely.

36. handling of hatch coverings and beams.-

(1) All hatch cover exceeding 55 kilogram in weight and all beams of any hatch shall be removed or replaced only with a which or other suitable mechanical means.

(2) When being replaced, hatch covers and beams shall be placed on the hatches in the position indicated by the markings thereon and shall be adequately secured.

(3) Hatch covers and beams shall not be removed or replaced while dock worker is below the level of the hatch in a position in which he is liable to be struck by a falling hatch covering or hatch beam.

(4) Hatch covers, tarpaulins, fore-and-aft beams and thwartship beams which have been removed shall be so laid down, stacked or secured that they cannot fall into the hold or otherwise cause danger.

(5) Hatch covers and beams shall be so placed as to leave a safe walkway from bulwark to hatch coaming or fore-and-aft.

(6) Hatch covers shall be either arranged in neat piles not higher than the coaming and away from it or spread one high between coaming and rail with no space between them. The height of the stack shall be regulated so that, if accidentally struck by a sling, they will not endanger a dock worker below or overside.

37. Securing of hatch covering and hatch beams.-

(1) Where any hatch beam is fitted with a permanent device for securing it in position in the hatch, that device and its corresponding fitting in the coaming shall be effectively and properly maintained.

(2) The beams of any hatch in use for the dock work shall, if not removed be adequately secured to prevent their displacement.

(3) Any sliding or rolling hatch beams supporting hatch coverings which are left In position in a partly opened hatch shall be adequately secured to prevent any horizontal movement of the hatch beams.

(4) Every sliding or rolling hatch beams and its guides shall be so constructed and maintained that the hatch beam is not liable to be accidentally displaced from Its guides.

(5) Mechanically operated hatch coverings shall, when stowed be adequately secured to prevent movement,

38. Escape from holds.-

Precautions shall be taken to facilitate the escape of dock workers when handling coal or other bulk cargo in a hold or in tween decks or bin or hooper.

39. Dangerous and harmful environment.-

(1) When internal combustion engines exhaust into a hold or intermediate deck or any other working place where neither natural ventilation nor the ship's ventilation system is adequate to keep the carbon monoxide content of the atmosphere, below 50 parts per million adequate and suitable measures shall be taken at such places in order to avoid exposure of dock workers to health hazards.

(2) No dock worker shall be allowed to enter any hold or tank of a vessel wherein there is given off any dust, fumes or other impurities of such a nature and to such an extent as is likely to be injurious or offensive to the dock workers or in which explosives, poisonous, noxious or gaseus cargoes have been carried or stored or in which dry ice has been used as a refrigerant or which has been fumigated, or in which there is possibility of oxygen deficiency, unless all practical steps have been taken to remove the dust, fumes or other impurities and dangers which may be present and to prevent any further ingress thereof, and such holds or tanks are certified to be safe and fit for dock workers to enter the same by the competent authority.

(3) When dock workers are exposed to any dust in substantial quantities as in handling bulk grains fertilizers, cements and other similar cargoes, they shall be protected by suitable respiratory protective equipment.