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Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Regulations, 1990










Transport equipment and operations

57. Power trucks and hand trucks.-

(1) All trucks/trailers and tractor equipments shall be of good material, sound construction, sufficiently strong for the purpose for which it is used and maintained in good state of repair:

Provided that trucks and trailer employed for transporting freight containers shall be of the size to carry the containers without overhanging and provided with twist locks conforming to national standards at all the four corners and these shall be:

(i) approved by a competent person; and

(ii) inspected, by a responsible person once at least in every month and record maintained.

(2) All trucks and other equipments shall be inspected at least once a week by a responsible person and when any dangerous defect is noticed in an equipment it shall be immediately taken out of use.

(3) Power trucks and tractors shall be equipped with effective brakes, head lights and tail lamps and maintained in good repairs and working order.

(4) Side stanchions on power trucks and trailers for carrying heavy and long objects shall be.

(a) of substantial construction and free from defects;

(b) provided with tie chains attached to the top across the loads for preventing the stanchions from spreading out; and

(c) wherever necessary the stanchions shall be in position while loading and, unloading.

(5) Safe gangways shall be provided for to and for movement of dock workers engaged in loading and unloading in lorries, trucks, trailers and wagons.

(6) Trucks and other equipment; shall not be loaded beyond their safe carrying capacity which shall be clearly and plainly marked on them.

(7) Handles of hand trucks shall be so designed as to protect the hands of the dock workers or else be provided with knuckle guards.

(8) (a) Unauthorised persons shall not ride on transport equipment employed in connection with the dock work.

(b) Driver of the transport equipment shall manoeuvre the equipment under the direction of signaller only:

Provided that this sub-regulation shall not apply in case vision of the driver is not obstructed.

58. Use of internal combustion engines in the holds.-

(1) Internal combustion engines shall not be used in connection with the dock work In the holds or cargo spaces unless,-

(a) adequate means of ventilation and, where necessary mechanical ventilation is provided;

(b) suitable fire fighting equipment Is readily available;

(c) exhaust pipes, connections and mufflers are kept tight;

(d) exhaust is so directed as not to cause inconvenience to the operator and dock workers;

(e) it is ensured that no explosives, inflammable liquids, gases or similar dangerous cargo are present;

(f) a spark arrestor is fitted on the exhaust of the engine and the bare heated surfaces of the engine, that are liable to ignite spilled fuel, are suitably protected;

(g) the engine is refuelled above deck; and

(h) the exhaust does not contain the carbon monoxide above the prescribed in the national standards.

(2) The internal combustion engine shall be switched off when not In use in connection with the dock work.

(3) Operators of internal combustion engines in cargo spaces or cargo holds shall not work alone.

(4) Whenever internal combustion engines for use in dock work are to be brought on board, the Master or the Officer-in-charge of the ship shall be notified.

59. Use of forklifts, electric trucks or cars.-

(l) Electrically driven trucks or cars, fork-lifts, etc. shall be fitted with at least one effective mechanical braking device and mechanically operated current cut-off that comes into operation automatically when the operator leaves the vehicle.

(2)Fork-lift trucks shall be fitted with overhead guard to protect the operator from falling objects.

(3)Fork-lift trucks or electric cars shall have their gross weight conspicuously marked upon them.

(4) When a fork-lift truck or electric car is operated in intermediate deck, steps shall be taken to ensure that the working surface can support the load and the hatch covers cannot be dislodged by the movement of the truck.

60. Stability test.-

AII fork-life trucks and electric cars shall have been tested for stability as per national standards.

61. Dock railways.-

(1) Sufficient clearance to ensure safety shall be allowed between structures or piles of cargo and railway track.

(2) Locomotive drivers shall act only on signals given by an authorised person:Provided that stop signals shall always be acted upon, irrespective of their source.

(3) Locomotives pulling or pushing wagons shall move dead slow and shall be preceded by a man on foot when passing through an area where dock workers are employed.

(4) No locomotive or wagon shall be moved on a railway line until an efficient sound signal as a warning has been given by the man preceding it on foot where dock workers are working and whose safety is likely to be endangered, or on approaching any curve where sight is intercepted, or any other point of danger to dock workers.

(5) When a railway wagon or a group of wagons not directly connected to a locomotive is being moved, a person shall be appointed to control each wagon or a group of wagons.

(6)Cranes, ship's winches and derricks shall not be used to move railway wagons.

(7) Fly shunting in premises where dock workers are engaged in dock work shall be prohibited and all trains shall be brought to a full stop before any wagons are cut    loose.

(8)As far as practicable, idle wagons shall not be left standing on quays with short distances between them.

(9)When dock workers are required to work between or beneath railway wagons, they shall be provided with a lookout man responsible for giving them necessary warning.

(10) Dock workers shall not be employed inside open wagon when-

(a) bulk cargo is being handled by means of grabs; or

(b) steel cargo is being handled by means of electro-magnets.

(11) Locomotive used for pulling or pushing wagons shall be maintained in good repairs and working order.

(12) Before moving railway wagons, train crews shall make sure that all dock workers are out of the wagons and the danger zone.

62. Conveyers.-

(1) Conveyers shall be of sound material, good construction and sufficient strength to support safely the loads for which they are intended, and shall be kept in good repair.

(2) (a) Conveying machinery shall be so constructed and installed as to avoid hazardous points between moving and stationary parts or objects.

(b) When a passage way is adjacent to an open conveyer a clearance of at least 90 centimetre shall be provided between the inner edge of the walkway and the conveyer.

(3) When dock workers have to cross over conveyers, regular crossing facilities affording safe and adequately lighted passage shall be provided.

(4) When conveyers that are not entirely enclosed cross over places where dock workers are employed or might pass beneath them, sheet or screen guards shall be provided to catch any material which might fall from the conveyers.

(5) Power driven conveyers shall be provided at loading and unloading stations, at drive and take-up ends, and at other convenient places, with devices for stopping the conveyer machinery in an emergency.

(6) Adequate fencing shall be provided at transfer point.

(7) Conveyers which carry loads up-inclines shall be provided with mechanical devices that will prevent machinery from reversing and carrying the loads back towards the loading point in the event of the power being cut off.

(8) Where two or more conveyers are operated together, the controlling devices shall be so arranged that no conveyer can feed on to a stopped conveyer.

(9) Where the tops of hoppers for feeding conveyers are less than 90 centimetres above the floors the openings shall be adequately guarded.

(10) (a) Where conveyers extend to points not visible from the control stations they shall be equipped with gongs, whistles or signal lights, to be used by the operators before starting the machinery so as to warn dock workers who might be in positions of danger;

(b) Similar provisions shall be made where necessary to enable the dock workers to communicate with the operator.

(11) Conveyers shall be provided with automatic and continuous lubrication systems, or with lubricating facilities so arranged that oiling and greasing can be performed without the oilers coming within dangerous proximity to moving parts.

(12) Conveyers shall be thoroughly inspected once in every three months by a responsible person.

(13) Dock workers shall not ride on conveyers.

(14) Belt conveyers shall be provided with guards at the nips of the belts and drums.

(15) Intake openings of blower or exhaust fans for pneumatic conveyers shall be protected with substantial metal screens or gratings.

(16) Frames of gravity roller and chutes shall be kept free of splinters, sharp edges and roughs surfaces.

(17) Gravity roller and chutes shall not be used for the passage of dock workers.

(18) Sideboards of chutes shall be of sufficient height to prevent cargo from falling off.

(19) Suitable provision shall be made for the cleaning of conveyers and for clearing obstructions in a safe way.

63. Transport equipment operators.-

No person shall be employed to operate transport equipment unless he is above 18 years of age and is sufficiently competent and reliable.

64. Qualification for mobile crane drivers, signaller., etc.-

No person shall be employed to drive or operate lifting appliances whether driven by mechanical power or otherwise or to give signals to driver or operator of such lifting appliances or to work as rigger for ship's derricks unless he is above 18 years of age and is sufficiently competent and reliable.