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Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Regulations, 1990











76. Notification.-

(1) Before unloading of any dangerous goods, as categorised in Schedule II, from any ship is commenced, the master or officer-in-charge and the agent of the ship shall furnish the employer of the dock workers, Port Authority and the Inspector with a statement in writing identifying the goods and specifying the nature of the danger which they can give rise to and specifying the categories and obtain an acknowledgment of the receipt of the same.

(2) Before any dangerous goods are received for shipment, the shipper or his agent shall furnish the information as required by sub-regulation (1) above to the Port Authority, the Inspector and the employer of the dock workers handling the dangerous goods.

77. General precautions.-

(1) Dangerous goods shall be loaded, unloaded handled and stored under the supervision of a responsible person who is familiar with the risks and the precautions to be taken. In case of doubt as to the nature of the risk or the precautions to be taken, necessary instructions shall be obtained from the Safety Officer appointed under these regulations.

(2) Dangerous goods shall not be loaded, unloaded or stored unless they are suitably packed and labelled showing the danger therefrom. The dock workers shall be given adequate information concerning the nature of the cargo and special precautions to be observed in handling them.

(3) Special precautions, such as provision of mats, sling nets, boxes and high sided pallets shall be taken to prevent breakage or damage to containers of the dangerous goods.

(4) Dock workers employed in loading or unloading or otherwise handling dangerous goods shall be provided with suitable protective equipments.

(5) Dock workers handling dangerous goods shall thoroughly wash their hands and faces with soap or some other cleaning agent before taking any food, drink, pan and supari or tobacco.

(6) Only specially trained dock workers shall be employed for cleaning, sweeping or handling spillages or sweeping of dangerous goods.

78. Explosive and inflammable cargo.-

(1) Where there is a risk of explosion from electrical equipment, the circuit shall be made dead and kept dead as long as the risk lasts unless such equipment and circuits are safe for use in the explosive atmosphere and non-sparking tools shall be provided and used in such atmosphere.

(2) When inflammable cargo is being loaded or unloaded, special measures shall be taken to ensure that an incipient fire can be controlled immediately.

79. Other dangerous goods.-

(1) Before furnigated cargo such as grain is loaded or unloaded, adequate measures shall be taken to ensure that the cargo is safe to handle.

(2) Where caustic and corrosive substances are handled or stored, special precautions shall be taken to prevent damage to the containers and to render any spillage harmless.

(3) If skins, wool, hair, bones, or other animal parts have not been certified by competent authority as having been disinfected, especially against anthrax, the dock workers concerned shall be:-

(a) instructed about the risk of infection and the precautions to be taken;

(b) provided with suitable type of personal protective equipment; and

(c) subjected to special medical supervision.

80. Handling of tetraethyl lead compound-

(1) Tetraethyl lead compound shall not be unloaded from a ship unless:

(a) it is packed in specially constructed steel drums of substantial construction, sealed with an inner and outer bung, and fitted with rolling roops on to the shell as an added precaution;

(b) all receptacles containing tetraethyl lead compound are distinctively and durably marked with the words "Tetraethyl Lead Compound- Poison"; and

(c) two sets of protective equipment comprising the following are provided and kept readily available for use in the event of any leakage of tetraethyl lead compound:

(i) rubber gloves.

(ii) rubber boots,

(iii) rubber apron or oilskin suit, and

(iv) suitable respirator, which should be either of cannister type containing minimum of 50 cc. of activated charcoal or an airline respirator with an independent fresh air supply.

(2) Following measures shall be taken while unloading tetraethyl lead compound:

(a) no receptacle containing tetraethyl lead compound shall be opened within the limits of the port;

(b) before commencement of the unloading operations, the consignment of tetraethyl lead compound shall be inspected on board the vessel by a responsible person. No tetraethyl lead compound drums showing any sign of leakage shall be unloaded until suitably repaired or placed in a larger receptacle or container offering sufficient precautions from leakage;

(c) drums containing tetraethyl lead compound shall be discharged under the supervision of a responsible person;

(d) drums containing tetraethyl lead compound shall be loaded discharged in rope slings with a maximum of two drums at a separate sling for each drum. Hooks shall on no account be used;

(e) dock workers handling drums containing tetraethyl lead compound shall be provided with heavy gloves of canvas or leather and shall use such gloves; and

(f) adequate quantities of non-inflammable solvent or kerosene a. soap and water to deal with any leakages of tetraethyl lead compound shall be kept readily available where the work of handling of the tetraethyl lead compound is carried on.

(3) Following measures shall be taken In the event of leakage of tetraethyl lead compound:

(a) the area on which the leakage of tetraethyl lead compound has occurred (including the outside of a drum) shall be treated as follows:

(i) flush with kerosene or some other light oil solvent followed by water. If the surface permits, wash thoroughly with soap working-up as much lather as possible, and again flush with water;

(ii) if it is possible to obtain quickly a supply of common bleaching line (Ca O Cl2) the area should first be treated generously with a mixture of bleaching lime and water in the form of thin slurry (NEVER use the dry powder) alternatively a five per cent solution of sulphuryl chloride (S02 Cl2) in kerosene may be used;

(b) if contamination of absorbent material such as wooden flooring, dunbage, or other packing material has taken place, then such material shall, after treatment as above, be removed from the place where tetraethyl lead compound is being handled;

(c) any clothing which becomes contaminated by tetraethyl lead compound shall be removed immediately and cleaned by repeated rinsing in a non-inflammable dry cleaning fluid;

(d) if tetraethyl lead compound can be smelled, dock workers not assigned to deal with the leakage of tetraethyl lead compound shall be removed from that place; and

(e) dock workers assigned to deal with leakage of tetraethyl lead compound shall wear the protective equipment described under sub-regulation 1 (c).

(4) Suitable protective clothing shall be provided for handling of tetraethyl lead compound in refrigerated spaces.

81. Broken or leaking containers.-

(1) When there is danger from broken or leaking containers of dangerous goods dock workers shall be evacuated from the area involved and the following steps taken before dock work is resumed:

(a) if the cargo produces dangerous gases or vapour:

(i) suitable respiratory protective equipment shall be made available for dock workers who are to remove the defective containers;
(ii) the area shall be ventilated if necessary and tested to ensure that the concentration of gases or vapours In the atmosphere is safe for dock work;

(b) if the cargo is a corrosive substance-

(i) suitable personal protective equipment shall be made available to the dock workers engaged in the removal of damaged containers; and
(ii) suitable absorbent or neutralizing materials shall be used in cleaning the spillage.

82. Toxic solvents.-

Before any solvents are used, the toxic properties of such solvents shall be ascertained and adequate means to safeguard the health of the dock workers exposed to toxic solvents shall be provided.