Chapter – II





17.   Qualifications of an Inspector

18.   Powers  of Inspectors

19.   Duties of Certifying Surgeon 

Rule  prescribed  under sub-section  (I) of  Section 8


17.       Qualifications of an Inspector


No person shall be appointed as  an  Inspector  for the purpose of the Act unless he possesses  the  qualifications as hereunder : 

(a)       he must not be less than 23 years or more than 35 years of age 


(b)               he must have - 


(i)                 had a good general education up to the pre-degree standard of a recognized university 

(ii)               secured  a  degree, to  diploma  equivalent to a degree of a recognized university, in any branch of engineering, technology or medicine and preferably with practical experience of atleast two years in a workshop or a manufacturing concern of good standing and in the case of Medical Inspector an experience of at least two years in public hospital or factory medical department or alternatively a diploma in Industrial Medicine and 


 (c)       where  for a particular post special knowledge,  to deal with special   problems,  is  required,  the Government may, in addition to the basic qualifications, prescribe appropriate qualification for  such a post. 


Rules prescribed under Section 9


18.       Powers  of Inspectors: 


An Inspector shall, for the purpose  of  the  execution  of the Act,  have power to do all or any of the  following  things, that is to say 


(a)       to  photograph any worker, to inspect,  examine, measure, copy, photograph, sketch or test, as the case  may  be,  any  building  test, any  building  or  room, any  plant,  machinery,  appliance   or apparatus,  any   register   or   document,  or anything provided for the  purpose  of   securing  the   health, safety  or welfare of the workers  employed  in  a   factory


(b)       in the case of an Inspector who is duly qualified  medical  practitioner, to  carry  such  medical  examinations   as   may  be necessary for the purposes of  his  duties  under  the  Act; and 


(c)        to prosecute, conduct or defend before a Court any complaint or other  proceeding arising  under  the  Act  or  in  discharge  of  his   duties as an Inspector. 



Rules prescribed under Sub-Section (4) of section 10


19.       Duties of Certifying Surgeon 


(1)               For the purpose of examination and certification of young persons who wish to obtain certificates of fitness, the Certifying Surgeon shall arrange a suitable time and place for the attendance of such persons, and shall give previous notice in writing of such arrangement to the manager of factories situated within the local limit assigned to him.


 (2)      The Certifying Surgeon shall  issue  his  certificates  in  Form.  The foil and counterfoil shall be  filled in and the signature or the  left thumb  impression  of  the  person  in  whose  name the  certificate  is  granted  shall  be taken   on   them.   On being satisfied  as  to the  correctness  of  the  entries  made  therein  and of  the fitness of the person  examined, he  shall sign  the  foil and  initial the counterfoil and shall  deliver  the foil  to  the person  in whose name the certificate is  granted.  The   foil  so  delivered   shall  be  the  certificate  of  fitness granted  under section  69. All counterfoils shall be kept  by  the  Certifying  Surgeon for a period of at least 2 years after the issue of  the certificate. 

(3)       The  Certifying Surgeon  shall,  upon  request  by  the  Chief Inspector, carry out such examination and  furnish  him  with such report  as  he  may  indicate,  for  any  factory or  class or description of factories where :- 

(a)       cases  of  illness have occurred  which  it  is   reasonable  to believe  are due to the nature of the manufacturing  process carried on, or other conditions of work  prevailing   therein; or 

(b)       by  reason  of  any  change  in  the  manufacturing  process carried on,  or in the substances used therein, or by reason  of  the  adoption  of  any new manufacturing process or  of any  new   substance  for  use in a  manufacturing  process,  there  is  a likelihood  of  injury  to  the  health  of  workers employed  in  that manufacturing process; or  (c)      young persons are, or are about to  be,  employed  in  any  work which is likely to cause injury to their health. 

(4)       For  the purpose  of the examination of persons employed in processing covered by the  rules  relating  to dangerous operations,  the Certifying Surgeon shall visit  the factories within the local limits assigned to him at  such  intervals  as are  prescribed by  the  rules  relating  to  such  dangerous  operations. 

(5)       At such visits,  the Certifying  Surgeon  after  examining  a  worker,  shall issue a Certificate of Fitness  in  Form........  The  record  of examination and  re-examinations  carried  out shall be kept  in    the  custody of the  manager of  the  factory.  The record  of   each  examination   carried   out under  sub-paragraphs  (1)  and  (2),  including the nature and the results of the tests, shall  also  be  entered  by  the  Certifying Surgeon in a health register in Form  6. 

(6)       If  the  Certifying  Surgeon  finds,  as  a  result  of  his examination  that  any person employed in such process is  no longer fit  for medical  reasons to work in that process, he  shall  suspend   such   person   from   working  in  that process for such time  as  he may  think  fit and no person after  suspension   shall   be   employed   in  that   process without the written sanction  of  the  Certifying  surgeon in the health register. 

(7)       The manager of  a  factory  shall  afford  to  the  Certifying Surgeon   facilities to inspect  any  process in  which   any person  is   employed or is likely to be employed. 

(8)       The manager of a factory shall provide for the purpose  of any  medical examination  which  the  Certifying  Surgeon wishes to conduct at the factory (for his exclusive  use on the occasion of  an  examination)  a room  which shall  be properly cleaned  and adequately  ventilated  and  lighted  and   furnished   with  a  screen,  a  table  (with  writing materials) and chairs.