Chapter - III



20.     Record  of whitewashing, etc.
21.     Cleanliness of walls and coiling
22.     Disposal  of Trade Wastes and Effluents
23.     Ventilation and temperature
24.     When  artificial  humidification  not allowed
25.     Provision of hygrometers
26.     Exemption  from maintenance of hygrometers
27.     Copy of schedule to rule 23 to be affixed near every hygrometer
28.     Temperature to be recorded at each hygrometer
29.     Specifications  of  hygrometer
30.     Thermometers to be maintained in efficient order
31.     Inaccurate  thermometer not to be used without fresh  certificate
32.     Hygrometer not  to  be affixed to wall, etc. unless  protected  by  wood
33.     No  reading to be taken within 15 minutes of renewal of  water

34.     How  to  introduce steam for humidification
35.     Lighting of interior parts
36.     Prevention of glare
37.     Power  of Chief  Inspector to exempt
38.     Quantity  of drinking water
39.     Source  of  supply
40.     Means  of supply
41.     Cleanliness  of well or reservoir
42.     Report  from  Health  Officer
43.     Cooling  of water
44.     Latrine  accommodation
45.     Latrines to conform to public health requirements
46.     Privacy  of  latrines
47.     Sign  Boards  to  be displayed
48.     Urinal accommodation
49.     Urinals to conform to public health requirements
50.     Certain latrines and urinals to be connected to sewage system
51.     Whitewash,  colour washing  of  latrines  and  urinals
52.     Concentration and maintenance of drains
53.     Water taps in latrines
54.     Number  and location of spittoons
55.     Type  of  spittoons
56.     Cleaning of spittoons


Register prescribed under sub-section (i) of Section 11

20.  Record  of whitewashing, etc. 


The record of dates on which white  washing,  colour washing, varnishing, etc. are carried out  shall  be  entered in a register maintained in Form...... 


Exemptions under sub-section (2) of section 11


21.       Cleanliness of walls and coiling


(1) Clause (d) of  sub-section (1) of section 11 of the Act shall not apply to the class or description of  factories or parts of  factories specified in the  schedule hereto

Provided that  they  are  kept  in  a  clean  state  by  washing,   sweeping, brushing,  dusting,  vacuum cleaning  or  other  effective  means. 

Provided further that they are kept in a clean state by washing, sweeping, brushing, dusting, vacuum cleaning or other  effective  means. 

          Provided  further  that the said clause (d)  shall  continue  to apply

(a)     as respects factories or parts of factories specified  in part A of the said schedule, to workrooms  in which  the amount  of cubic space allowed for every person employed  in  the room is  less  than 14.2 Cubic meters; 

(b) as respects  factories or parts of factories  specified  in  part  B  of the said schedule, to workrooms  in  which  the  amount  of  cubic space allowed for every  person  employed  in the  room  is  less than 70.0 cubic meters; 

(c)      to  engine-houses,  fitting  shops,  lunchrooms,  canteens,  shelters, creches, cloakrooms, rest rooms and wash places;  and 

(d)      to such parts of walls, sides and tops of passages and staircases as are less than 6 meters above  the  floor or stair. 

(2)     If it appears to the Chief Inspector that any  part  of  a  factory,  to which by virtue of sub-rule (1) any of  the  provisions  of  the  said clause(d) do not apply, or apply as varied  by  sub-rule (1), is  not being kept in a clean state, he  may, by  written  notice, require the occupier to whitewash or colour wash,  paint or  varnish the same, and  in the  event  of   the  occupier  failing  to  comply  with  such   requisition within  two months  from  the  date  of the  notice,  sub-rule (1) shall  cease to apply to such part  of a factory, unless the Chief  Inspector  otherwise  determines. 




Part A 


1. Blast furnaces. 
2. Brick and tile works in which unglazed bricks or tiles are made. 
3. Cement Works. 
4. Chemical works. 
5. Copper mills. 
6. Gas works. 
7. Iron and Steel mills. 
8. Stone, slate and marble works. 
9. The following parts of factories :


(a)    Rooms used only for the storage of articles. 

(b)    Rooms  in which the walls or ceilings consist of galvanised iron, glazed bricks,  glass, slate,  asbestos,  bamboo  or thatch. 

(c)     Parts  in  which  dense  steam is  continuously  evolved  in  the Process. 

(d)    Parts in  which pitch, tar  or like material is manufactured or  is  used to substantial extent, except in brush works. 

(e)    Parts of a glass factory known as glass house.

(f)       Rooms  in  which  graphite  is  manufactured  or  is  used  to  a substantial extent in any process.

(g)    Parts in which coal, coke, oxide of iron, ochre,  lime  or  stone is crushed or ground

(h)     Parts of walls, partitions, ceilings or tops of  rooms  which  are at least 6 meters above the floor.

(i)       Ceilings or tops of rooms in print works, bleach works or  dye works, with the exception  of  finishing  rooms or warehouses.

(j)       Inside walls of oil mills below a height of 1.5 meters  from  the ground floor level. 

(k)     Inside walls in tanneries below a height of 1.5 meters from the ground floor level where a wet process is carried on


Part B 


1. Coach and motor body works. 
2. Electric generating or transforming stations. 
3. Engineering works. 
4. Factories in which sugar is refined or manufactured. 
5. Foundries  other  than  foundries  in  which  brass  casting  is carried  on. 
6. Gun factories. 
7. Shipbuilding works. 
8. Those parts of factories where unpainted or unvarnished wood is manufactured. 


Rules prescribed under sub-section (2) of section 12


22.       Disposal  of Trade Wastes and Effluents

The arrangements  made  in every  factory for the treatment of wastes and effluents due to the  manufacturing  processes carried on therein shall be in  accordance  with  those approved by the relevant Water and Air Pollution  Boards appointed  under the Water (Prevention &  Control  of  Pollution)  Act, 1974  and the Air (Prevention & Control Of Pollution) Act, 981 and other appropriate authorities. 


Rules prescribed under section 13


23.       Ventilation and temperature


(1)     Limits  of temperature and air movement : 

In  any  factory  the  maximum  wet-bulb  temperature  of  air  in  a workroom at a height of 1.5  meters  above the floor level shall not exceed  30  degrees  centigrade  and adequate air movement of  at least 30 meters  per minute  shall  be  provided;  and  in  relation to dry-bulb temperature, the wet-bulb temperature  in  the workroom at  the  said height  shall  not  exceed  that  shown in the schedule annexed hereto, or as regards a dry-bulb reading intermediate between the two dry-bulb readings that specified in relation to the higher of these two dry-bulb readings : 




           Dry-bulb Temperature                  Wet-bulb temperature 
           (Degrees Centigrade)                 (Degrees Centigrade) 

                 30 to 34                                                   29 
                 35 to 39                                                   28.5 
                 40 to 44                                                   28 
                 45 to 47                                                   27.5 

Provided that if the temperature measured with a thermometer inserted in a hollow globe of 15 centimeters diameter coated mat black outside  and kept in  the environment  for not  less  than 20  minutes  exceeds  the dry-bulb  temperature  of  the  air,  the temperature so recorded by he  globe thermometer shall be  taken  in place of the dry-bulb temperature. 

Provided  further  that  when  the  reading  of  the   wet-bulb temperature  outside in  the  shade  exceeds 27 degrees  centigrade,  the  value  of  the wet-bulb  temperature  allowed   in  the  schedule   for  a  given  dry-bulb temperature may be correspondingly exceeded  to the same extent. 
Provided   further   that  this  requirement shall  not  apply  in  respect  of factories covered by section 15 and in  respect  of  factories   where  the nature  of  work  carried  on   involves  production   of  excessively  high temperatures   referred   to   in   clause (ii)  of  sub-section (1)  to  which workers are exposed  for  short  periods  of time not exceeding one hour  followed  by  an  interval  of  sufficient duration in  thermal  environments  not   exceeding those otherwise laid down in this rule. 

Provided further that the Chief Inspector, having due regard to the  health of  the workers,  may  in  special  and   exceptional  circumstances, by an order   in  writing  exempt  any  factory  or  part  of  a   factory  from  the  foregoing  requirement,  in   so   far  as  restricting  the thermal conditions within the limits laid down  in  the  schedule are  concerned, to the  extent  that  he  may  consider necessary subject to such  conditions  as  he  may specify. 

(2) Provision of thermometers

(a) If  it   appears   to  the  Inspector  that   in  any  factory,  the temperature  of  air in a workroom is sufficiently high  and  is likely to exceed the limits prescribed in sub-rule (1), he  may serve  on  the  manner of  the factory an order requiring  him  to provide  sufficient number of whirling hygrometers  or any other  type  of hygrometers and direct that the dry-bulb  and  wet-bulb readings in each such workroom shall be recorded at  such positions as approved by the Inspector twice during each working  shift  by a person especially nominated for the  purpose  by  the manager and approved by the Inspector. 

(b)     If  the  Inspector  has  reason  to  believe  that  a  substantial amount of heat is added inside  the  environment of a workroom  by  radiation  from the walls, roof or  other  solid  surroundings, he may  serve on the manager of the factory an order requiring  him to provide  one or  more  globe thermo-meters referred to  in  the  first  proviso  in  sub-rule (1)  and     further  requiring  him  to  place  the  globe  thermometers  at  places specified by him and  keep  a   record of  the  temperatures in a suitable register. 

(3)     Ventilation

(a)     In every factory the amount of ventilating openings in a workroom below the eaves shall, except where mechanical means of ventilation as required by clause (b) below  are  provided,  be  of an aggregate area of  not  less  than 15% of  the  floor area  and so  located as to afford a continued supply of fresh air

Provided that the Chief Inspector may relax the requirements regarding the amount of ventilating openings  if  he is  satisfied  that having  regard  to  the  location  of  the  factory,  orientation of the factory, orientation  of the workroom, prevailing  winds, roof height and the nature of manufacturing process carried on, sufficient supply of fresh air into the workroom  is  afforded  during most part of  the working time. 

Provided further that this requirement shall not apply in  respect  of workrooms of factories : 

(i)      covered by section 15; or 
(ii)     in  which  temperature  and  humidity   are  controlled  by  refrigeration. 

(b)     Where in any factory owing to special circumstances such as 

situation with respect to adjacent buildings and height of  the ventilation openings under clause (a) of this  sub-rule cannot be complied  with  or  in the  opinion  of  the  inspector  the  temperature of air in a workroom is sufficiently high  and  is likely  to exceed the limits prescribed in sub-rule (1) he  may  serve  on the manager of the  factory an order  requiring  him   to provide  additional  ventilation  either  by  means  of  roof ventilators or by mechanical means. 


(c)      The  amount  of  fresh  air   supplied  by  mechanical  means of   ventilation  an hour shall be  equivalent  to  at least six times  the  cubic  capacity  of  the  workroom  and  shall  be  distributed evenly throughout  the  workroom  without t dead air-pockets or undue draughts caused by high inlet velocities. 


(d)      in  the  regions  where  in  summer  (15th  March-15th  July) dry-bulb temperatures of outside air in the shade during most part  of the day  exceed  35  degrees centigrade and simultaneous  wet-bulb temperatures are 25  degrees  centigrade or below  in  the  opinion  of   the   Inspector  the  manufacturing process  carried on  in  the  workroom  of  a factory permits thermal environments  with  relative  humidity  of 50%  or  more,  the Inspector may serve on  the  manager of the factory an order to have sufficient supply of outside air for ventilation cooled by passing it through water sprays either by means of unit type of evaporative air  coolers (desert coolers) or,  where supply of outside air is provided by mechanical  means through  ducts in a  plenum  system, by means  of central air washing plants. 


Rules 24 to 34 prescribed under sub-section (1) of section 15


24.       When  artificial  humidification  not allowed


There  shall  be  no  artificial  humidification  in  any room of  a  cotton  spinning  or weaving factory : 

(a) By  the   use  of  steam  during  any   period   when    the  dry-bulb  temperature of that room exceeds 29.5 degrees centigrade; and 

(b) at  any  time  when  the  wet-bulb  reading  of   the   hygrometer  is higher than that specified in the following schedule in relation to the dry-bulb reading of the hygrometer at  that  time;  or  as regards a dry-bulb reading intermediate between any two dry-bulb  readings  indicated consecutively in the schedule when the  dry-bulb reading  does not exceed the wet-bulb reading to  the  extent   indicated  in relation  to  the lower  of  these  two  dry-bulb readings :- 




Readings in degrees centigrade

Dry-bulb     Wet-bulb    Dry-bulb     Wet-bulb    Dry-bulb    Wet-bulb


    15.5            14.5         25.0            24.0           34.5            30.0 
    16.0            15.0         25.5            24.5           35.0            30.5 
    16.5            15.5         26.0            25.0          35.5             31.0 
    17.0            16.0         26.5            25.5          36.0             31.0 
    17.5            16.0         27.0            26.0           36.5            31.5 
    18.0            16.5         27.5            26.0          37.0             31.5 
    18.5            17.0         28.0            26.5          37.5             31.5 
    19.0            18.0         28.5            27.0          38.0             32.0 
    19.5            18.5         29.0            27.0          38.5             32.0 
    20.0            19.0         29.5            28.0          39.0             32.0 
    20.5            19.5         30.0            28.0          39.5             32.5 
    21.0            20.0         30.5            28.5          40.0             32.5 
    21.5            20.5         31.0            28.5          40.5             33.0 
    22.0            21.0         31.5            29.0          41.0             33.0 
    22.5            21.0         32.0            29.0          41.5             33.0 
    23.0            21.5         32.5            29.0          42.0             33.0 
    23.5            22.0         33.0            29.5          42.5             33.0 
    24.0            23.0         33.5            29.5          43.0             33.5 
    24.5            23.5         34.0            30.0          43.5             33.5 


Provided,  however, that clause (b)  shall  not  apply  when  the difference between the wet-bulb temperature as indicated by the hygrometer in the department  concerned and the wet-bulb temperature  taken  with  a  hygrometer outside in the shade is less than 2 degrees. 


25. Provision of hygrometers 

In all departments of cotton spinning and  weaving  mills  wherein  artificial humidification is adopted, hygrometers  shall  be  provided and maintained in such  positions  as  are  approved  by  the  Inspector.   The  number  of hygrometers shall  be  regulated according to the following scale :- 

(a) Weaving  department:   

One hygrometer for  departments with  less  than  500  looms, and one additional hygrometers for every 500  or part of  in  excess  of  500. 


(b) Other  departments: 

One hygrometer for each room of  less   than  8500  cubic   meters capacity and one extra hygrometer  for  each 5670 cubic meters or part thereof, in excess of this. 

(c) One  additional  hygrometer  shall  be   provided   and   maintained outside   each   cotton   spinning   and   weaving   factory   wherein artificial humidification is  adopted, and in a position  approved  by the Inspector, for taking hygrometer shade readings. 


26. Exemption  from maintenance of hygrometers


When the  Inspector  is satisfied  that  the limits of humidity allowed by the schedule  to rule  23 are never  exceeded,  he  may,  for  any  department other than the weaving department, grant exemption from the maintenance of  hygrometer.  The Inspector shall record such exemption in writing. 


27. Copy of schedule to rule 23 to be affixed near every hygrometer


A legible copy  of  the  schedule  to  rule  23  shall  be  affixed  near  each hygrometer. 


28. Temperature to be recorded at each hygrometer


At each hygrometer  maintained  in  accordance with rule 24, correct  wet and  dry-bulb  temperature  shall  be recorded thrice daily by the manager and approved  by the  Inspector. The temperature shall be taken between 7 a.m. and  9 a.m., between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m.   In  exceptional  circumstances, such  additional  readings be taken  and between  such  hours, as the  Inspector  may specify,  shall  be taken.   The  temperatures  shall  be entered  in  a  humidity  register in the prescribed Form......., maintained in  the factory. 


At  the end of each month, the persons who have taken the  readings shall sign the register and certify in the  register the  correctness of   the  entries.  The  register  shall  always  be  available  for inspection by the Inspector. 


29. Specifications  of  hygrometer


(1) Each   hygrometer  shall  comprise of  two  mercurial  thermometers of  wet-bulb   and  dry-bulb of  similar  construction,  and  equal  in  dimensions, scale and divisions of scale.  They shall be  mounted on  a frame with a suitable reservoir containing  water.


(2) The wet-bulb shall be closely covered with a single layer of  muslin,  kept  wet  by means of a  wick  attached  to  it  and  dropping   into the  water in  the reservoir. The muslin covering  and  the wick shall be suitable for  the  purpose, clean and free from grease. 

(3)               No part of  the wet-bulb shall  be  within  76  millimeters  from  the  dry-bulb or less than 25 millimeters from the surface of the water in  the reservoir and the water reservoir shall  be below it, on  the  side  of it away from the dry-bulb


(4)               The  bulb shall be spherical and of suitable dimensions  and shall be  freely exposed on all sides to the air of the room. 


(5)               The  bores of the stems shall be such that the position of  the top of  the  mercury  column  shall  be  readily distinguishable at a distance of 60 centimeters. 


(6)               Each  thermometer  shall  be  graduated so  that  accurate  readings  may be taken between 10 and 50 degrees centigrade. 


(7)               Every  degree  from 10 degrees  upto 50 degrees  shall  be  clearly  marked  by horizontal lines on the stem, each fifth degree  shall  be marked  by longer  marks  than  the  intermediate degrees  and  the temperature marked  opposite each  fifth  degree, i.e., 10, 15, 20,  25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50. 


(8)               The  marking as above  shall  be  accurate,  that  is  to  say,  at   no  temperature   between  10  and  50  degrees,  shall   the  indicated readings be in error by more than one ninth of  a  degree. 


(9)               A distinctive number shall be  indelibly  marked  upon  the  thermometer. 


(10)          The accuracy of each thermometer shall be certified by the National  Physical Laboratory, Delhi, or some competent authority appointed by  the Chief  Inspector and such certificate shall be attached to the  humidity register. 



30. Thermometers to be maintained in efficient order


Each thermometer shall be  maintained at  all  times  during  the  period of employment  in efficient  working order, so as to give accurate indications  and  in   particular :- 

(a)                the wick and the muslin covering of  the wet-bulb shall be renewed  once a week; 

(b)                the  reservoir  shall  be  filled  with water which shall be completely  renewed once a day.  The Chief Inspector may  direct  the  use  of  distilled water or pure rain water in any  particular  mill  or  mills  in  certain localities; and 

(c)                no  water  shall  be applied directly to the  wick or covering during the period of employment. 

31. Inaccurate thermometer not to be used without fresh certificate


If  an Inspector gives notice in writing that a thermometer  is  not accurate,  it shall not, after one month from the date of such notice, be deemed to be  accurate unless and until  it  has  been  re-examined  as  prescribed  and a  fresh certificate obtained, which certificate  shall be kept  attached  to  the humidity register. 


32. Hygrometer not to be affixed to wall, etc. unless protected by  wood


(1)     No  hygrometer  shall  be affixed to a wall,  pillar,  or  other surface  unless   protected  therefrom  by  wood  or  other  non-conducting  material atleast 12 millimeters in  thickness  and distant   of at  least  25  millimeters  from  the bulb  of   each thermometer.


(2)     No  hygrometer   shall   be  fixed  at  a  height  of  more   than  170  centimeters from the floor to the top of  thermometer stem or in the  direct  draughts from a fan, window, or ventilating opening. 


33. No reading to be taken within 15 minutes of renewal of water


No reading shall be taken for record on any hygrometer within 15 minutes of the renewal of water in the reservoir.


34. How  to  introduce steam for humidification


In any room  in  which steam  pipes are used for the introduction of steam for  the   purpose  of  artificial  humidification  of   the   air   the   following provisions shall apply :- 


(a) the diameter of  such  pipes  shall not exceed 50 millimeters and  in  the   case   of   pipes  installed   after   1st   day   of   ...................,  diameter shall not exceed 25 millimeters


(b)            such pipes shall be as short as is reasonably practicable

(c)             all  hangers supporting such pipes shall be separated from  the bare  pipes  by  an  efficient  insulator  of  not  less  than  half  an  inch  in  thickness; 

(d)            no  uncovered  jet from such pipe  shall  project  more   than  11.5  centimeters beyond the outer surface of any cover; 

(e)            the steam  pressure shall be  as  low  as  practicable  and  shall  not  exceed 5 kilograms per square centimeter; and 

(f)               the pipe  employed for the  introduction  of  steam  into the air  in a  department shall be efficiently  covered  with  such  non-conducting  material,  as  may  be  approved   by   the  Inspector   in   order  to  minimize the amount of heat radiated by them into  the department. 


Rules 35 to 37 prescribed under sub-section (4) of section 17


35. Lighting of interior parts


(1) The general illumination over those interior parts of a factory where persons  are  regularly  employed  shall  be  not  less   than  65  lux  measures  in   the  horizontal  plane  at  a  level  of   90 centimeters  above the floor: 


Provided that in any such parts in which the mounting height of  the light source for general  illumination necessarily exceeds 7.6 meters measured from the floor or where  the structure of the room  or the  position or construction of  the fixed  machinery  or  plant  prevents  the  uniform attainment of  this  standard,  the general illumination at  the said level shall  be  not  less  than  22  lux  and  where  work  is  actually being done the illumination shall be not less than 65 lux. 


(2) The  illumination over all other  interior  parts  of   the  factory  over which  persons   employed   shall,  when  and  where  a  person  is passing, be not less than 5 lux at floor level. 


(3) The  standard specified in this rule shall be without  prejudice to  the  provision of any  additional   illumination   required   to  render  the  lighting sufficient and suitable for the  nature  of   the work. 


36. Prevention of glare


(1)               Where any source of artificial  light in the  factory  is  less  than  4.9 meters  above  floor  level, no  part of  the  light  source  or  of  the  lighting  fitting  having a brightness  greater  than  1.55  candles  per  square centimeter (4.87 lamberts) shall be  visible to persons whilst  normally employed within 30  meters  of  the source, except  where  the angle of elevation  from  the  eye to  the source  or  part  of  the  fitting as the case may  be,  exceeds  20 degrees

(2)               Any local light,  that is to say an artificial light designed  to illuminate  particularly  the area or part of the area of  work of a single operative or  small  group of operatives  working  near each  other,  shall  be provided a  suitable  shade of  opaque material to prevent  glare or with other effective  means  by  which  the  light  source  is  completely screened from the eyes of  every person employed at a  normal working place, or shall be so placed  that no such person is  exposed to glare therefrom. 


37. Power  of Chief Inspector to exempt


Where the Chief  Inspector  is satisfied in respect of any particular factory or part thereof or in  respect  of any description of workroom or  process  that  any   requirement  of   rules  35  and  36  is inappropriate  or  is  not  reasonably practicable, he may by order in writing exempt  the  factory or  part  thereof,  or   description   of   workroom   or   process   from   such  requirement to  such extent  and  subject  to such  conditions  as  he  may specify. 


Rules 38 to 43 prescribed under sub-section (4) of section 18


38. Quantity  of drinking water


The quantity of drinking water  to  be provided for the workers  in  every  factory shall be atleast 5  litres  per worker employed in the  factory  and  such drinking water shall  be readily available at all times during  working  hours. 


39. Source  of  supply


The  water  provided  for  drinking  shall  be supplied : 

(a)     from the public water supply system, or 
(b)     from any other source approved in writing by the Health Officer. 


40. Means  of supply


If drinking water is not supplied directly  from taps  either connected with  public water supply  system  or  any  other  water  supply  system  of  the  factory approved by the Health Officer, it shall be kept in suitable vessels,  receptacles or tanks  fitted with  taps and having dust  proof  covers, and  placed  on  raised  stands  or  platforms  in  shade  and   having   suitable  arrangement of drainage to  carry  away the split water.  Such  vessels,  receptacles  or  tanks shall  be kept clean and the water renewed at least  once every  day.  All practicable measures shall be taken  to  ensure  that  the water  is  free from contamination. 


41. Cleanliness  of well or reservoir


(1)     Drinking  Water  shall  not  be   supplied   from  any  open  well  or reservoir  unless  it  is  so  constructed,   situated,   protected   and  maintained  as  to  be  free  from  the  possibility  of   pollution   by  chemical, or bacterial and extraneous impurities. 


(2)     Where  drinking water is supplied from such well  or  reservoir, the water in  it  shall be sterilized  once a  week or  more  frequently  if  the Inspector by written order so  requires, and  the date on which  sterilizing is carried out shall be recorded

Provided  that  this  requirement  shall not  apply  to any such  well  or reservoir  if  the  water  therein  is  filtered  and   treated  to  the  satisfaction  of  the   Health   Officer   before   it   is   supplied   for  consumption. 

42. Report  from  Health  Officer


The Inspector may   by order in writing direct  the  manager  to obtain, at such  time  or  at   intervals as he may  direct, a  report  from  the  Health  Officer as  to the fitness for human consumption of  the water supplied  to  the workers, and in every case to submit to the Inspector a copy of  such   report  as  soon as it is  received  from  the  Health  Officer. 


43. Cooling  of water


In every factory wherein more than  two  hundred and  fifty workers  are ordinarily employed :- 

(a) the  drinking water  supplied to the  workers  shall  from  the ........ ..    to the ............ in every year, be cooled by  ice  or  other effective method : 

Provided  that if ice is placed in the drinking water, the  ice shall be  clean and wholesome and shall  be  obtained  only  from  a  source approved in writing by the Health Officer; 

(b)     the  cooled  drinking  water  shall  be  supplied  in  every  canteen,  lunchroom   and  rest room  and  also  at  conveniently  accessible  points throughout the factory which for the purpose of these  rules  shall be called "water centers"; 


(c)     the  water  centers   shall   be  sheltered   from   the  weather  and adequately drained; 

(d)     the number of water centers to be provided  shall be  one "center"  for every 150 persons employed at any one time in the factory : 

Provided  that  in  the  case  of  a  factory  where  the   number of  persons employed exceeds 500 it shall be sufficient if there  is one  such "center" as aforesaid  for  every 150  persons  upto  the  first  500 and one for every 500 persons thereafter; 

Provided further that  the distance  between  the place of  work of  any  worker  shall not be more than 50  meters  from  the  nearest  water center or any distance as may be specified by the inspector. 

(e) every water center  shall  be  maintained  in  a  clean  and  orderly condition; and 

(f)       the  means  of  supply  of  cooled  drinking  water  shall  be  either directly  through taps  connected  to  water  coolers  or  any  other  system for cooling of water, or by means of vessels, receptacles or  tanks  fitted  with taps and having  dust  proof  covers  and  placed  on   raised  stands  or  platforms  in  shade,   and   having   suitable  arrangement of drainage to carry away  split  water.  Such  vessels,  receptacles or tanks shall  be  kept clean and  the  water  renewed  atleast once every day. 


Rules 44 to 53 prescribed under sub-section (3) of section 19


44. Latrine  accommodation


Latrine   accommodation  shall  be   provided   in   every  factory  on  the following scale :- 

(a)                where females are employed, there shall be at  least  on  latrine  for  every 25 females 

(b)               where males are employed,  there shall be at  least  one  latrine  for  every 25 males 

Provided that where the number of males exceeds 100,  it  shall be  sufficient if there is  one  latrine for every  25  males up to  the  first  100, and one for every 50 thereafter. 

In calculating the number of latrines  required  under  this  rule,  any  odd number of workers  less than 25, or 50, as  the case  may  be,  shall be reckoned as 25 or 50. 


45. Latrines to conform to public health requirements


Latrines, other than those connected with an efficient water borne sewage system shall, comply with the requirements of the Public Health authorities.


46 Privacy  of  latrines

Every latrine shall be under  cover  and  so  partitioned  off  as  to  secure  privacy, and shall have a proper  door  and fastenings. 


47. Sign  Boards  to  be displayed


Where workers  of  both  sexes  are employed,  there  shall be displayed  outside each  latrine block a notice "For Men only" or "For Women only"  as the case may be, in the  language  understood  by  the  majority of  the  workers.   The  notice shall  also bear the figure of a man or of a  woman  as the  case  may  be. 


48. Urinal accommodation


Urinal accommodation shall be provided for the use of male workers and there shall be at least one urinal  of  not  less than 60 centimeters in length  for every 50 males: 

Provided that where the number of  males employed exceeds 500, it shall be sufficient if there is  one urinal  for every 50  males  upto  the  first  500  employed,  and one for  every  100  thereafter. 

In  calculating   the  urinal  accommodation required  under  this  rule  any  odd  number  of  workers 
less than 50, or 100, as the case may be, shall be reckoned as 50 or 100.

49. Urinals to conform to public health requirements

Urinals, other than  those connected with an efficient water-borne sewage  system, and  urinals  in a factory  wherein more than two hundred and fifty  workers are ordinarily employed shall comply with the requirements of the  Public Health authorities. 

50. Certain latrines and urinals to be connected to sewage systems


When any general  system  of  underground  sewerage  with  an  assured water  supply  for any particular locality is provided in  a  municipality, all  latrines  and urinals of  a  factory  situated   in  such  locality  shall,  if  the factory is situated within 30 meters of  an  existing  sewer,  be connected 
with that sewerage system. 


51 Whitewash, colour washing or latrines and urinals


The  walls, coilings, and partitions of every latrine and urinal shall be white washed or colour  washed and the whitewashing or colour  washing  shall  be repeated  at  least once  in every period of  four months.  The dates on  which the whitewashing or colour washing is carried out  shall  be entered 
in the prescribed register (Form ): 

Provided that this rule shall not apply  to  latrines  and  urinals,  the  walls,  ceilings or partitions of which are laid in glazed tiles or otherwise  finished  to provide  a  smooth,  polished,  impervious  surface  and  that  they  are  washed with suitable detergents and  disinfectants  at least once  in  every  period of four months. 

52. Concentration and maintenance of drains


All drains carrying  waste  or  sludge  water  shall  be  constructed   in masonry or other impermeable material and shall be regularly flushed and  the   effluent  disposed  off   by  connecting  such  drains  with  a  suitable  drainage line: 

Provided  that  where there is no such drainage line,  the  effluent shall be  deodorized and rendered innocuous  and  then disposed off  in a suitable  manner to the satisfaction of the Health Officer. 

53.  Water taps in latrines


(1)     Where piped water supply is available, sufficient number of water taps,  conveniently accessible, shall be  provided  in  or  near such latrine accommodation. 

(2)     If  piped water supply is not available, sufficient  quantity  of  water shall  be kept stored in suitable  receptacles  near  the latrines.


Rules 54 to 56 prescribed under sub-section (2) of section 20


54.  Number and location of spittoons


The number and  location  of the spittoons to be provided shall be  to the satisfaction of the  Inspector. 


55. Type  of  spittoons


The spittoons shall be any  of  the  following types :- 

(a)           a galvanized iron container with a conical funnel-shaped cover.   A layer  of  suitable disinfectant  liquid  shall  always be maintained in  the container ; 

(b)          a container filled with dry, clean sand, and covered with  a layer of  bleaching powder; or 

(c)           any other type approved by the Chief Inspector. 

56. Cleaning of spittoons


The spittoon mentioned in clause (a) of rule  55 shall  be emptied, cleaned and disinfected at least  once  every day;  and  the spittoon  mentioned  in  clause (b) of rule 55  shall  be cleaned by scrapping out  the  top  layer of  sand as often as necessary or at least once every day.