Model schedules specifying requirements in respect of dangerous processes and operations notified under Section 87 of the Factories Act.






Rules prescribed under Section 87.


120.    Dangerous manufacturing processes or operations


(1)                The following manufacturing processes or operations when carried on in any factory are declared to  be  dangerous manufacturing processes  or operations  under section 87 :


I.                    Manufacture of aerated water and processes incidental thereto.


II.                  Electrolytic plating or oxidation of metal articles by use of an electrolyte containing acids, bases or salts or metals such as chromium, nickel, cadmium, zinc, copper, silver, gold etc.


III.                 Manufacture and repair of electric accumulators.


IV.              Glass manufacture.


V.                Grinding or glazing of metals.


VI.              Manufacture and treatment of lead and certain compounds of lead.


VII.             Generating petrol gas from petrol.


VIII.           Cleaning or smoothing, roughening, etc. of articles by a jet of sand, metal shoe or grit or other abrasive propelled by blast of compressed air or steam.


IX.              Liming and tanning of raw hides skins and processes incidental thereto.


X.                Certain lead processes carried or in printing presses and type founders.


XI.              Manufacture of pottery. 


XII.             Chemical works.


XIII.           Manipulation of stone or any other materials containing free silica.


XIV.         Handling and processing of asbestos manufacture of any article of asbestos and any other process of manufacture or otherwise in which asbestos is used in any form.


XV.          Handling or manipulation of corrosive substances.


XVI.         Processing of cashew nut.


XVII.       Compression of oxygen and hydrogen produced by the electrolysis of water.


XVIII.      Process of extracting oils and fats from vegetable and animal sources in solvent extraction plants.


XIX.         Manufacture  or manipulation of manganese and its compounds


XX.          Manufacture or manipulation or dangerous pesticides.


XXI.         Manufacture, handling and usage of benzene and substances containing benzene.


XXII.       Manufacturing process or operations in carbon disulphide plants.


XXIII.      Manufacture or manipulation of carcenogenic dye intermediates.


XXIV.   Operations involving high noise levels.


XXV.     Manufacture of Rayon by Viscose Process.


XXVI.   Highly flammable liquids and flammable compressed gases.


XXVII.  Foundry Operations.


(2)        `First employment’ means employment for the first time in a hazardous process or operation so notified under Section 87 or re-employment therein after  cessation of employment in such process or operation for a period exceeding three calendar months.


(3)        The provisions specified in the schedules given in Part II shall apply to any class or description of factories wherein dangerous manufacturing processes or operations specified in each schedule are carried on.


(4)        (a)       For the  medical examinations of workers to be carried  out  by the certifying surgeon as required  by the schedule  annexed  to this rule, the occupier of the factory shall pay fees at  the rate of Rs...... per examination of each worker every time he is examined.


            (b)       The fees prescribed in sub-rule (4) (a) shall be exclusive of any charges for biological, radiological or other tests, which may have to be carried out in connection with the medical examination. 


         The occupier shall pay such charges.


   (c) The fees to be paid for medical examinations shall be paid  into the local treasury under the head of accounts........................


(5)        Notwithstanding the provision specified in the Schedules annexed to this Rule, the Inspector may by issue of orders in writing to the manager or occupier or both, direct them to carry out such measures, and within such time, as may be specified in such order with a view to removing conditions dangerous to the health of the workers, or to suspend any process, where such process constitutes, in the opinion of the Inspector, imminent danger of poisoning or toxicity._


(6)        Any register or record of medical examinations and tests connected therewith required to be carried out under any of the Schedules annexed hereto in respect of any worker shall be kept readily available to the Inspector and shall be preserved till the expiry of one year after the worker ceases to be in employment of the factory.



Manufacture of aerated waters and processes incidental thereto


1.                  Fencing of machines. - All machines for filling bottles or syphons shall be so constructed, placed or fenced, as to prevent, as far as may be practicable, a fragment of a bursting bottle or syphon form striking any person employed in the factory.


2.                  Face guards and gauntlets. –


(1)       The  occupier shall provide and maintain in good  condition  for  the use of all persons engaged in filling bottles or siphons -


                  (a)       suitable   face  guards to protect the face,  neck  and  throat; and


                  (b)       suitable gauntlets for both arms to protect the whole  hand  and arms :


Provided that paragraph 2(1) shall not apply where bottles are filled by means of an automatic machine so constructed that no fragment of a bursting bottle can escape.


Provided further that where a machine is so constructed that only one arm of the bottler at work upto it is exposed to danger, a gauntlet need not be provided for the arm which is not exposed to danger.


(2)        The Occupier shall provide and maintain in good condition for the  use  of all persons engaged in  corking,  crowning, screwing, wiring , foiling, capsuling, sighting or labelling bottles or  syphons -


(a)                suitable face-guards to protect the face, neck and throat; and


(b)                suitable gauntlets  for both  arms to protect the arm  and  at least half of the palm and the space  between  the thumb and  forefinger.


3.                  Wearing of face guards and gauntlets. -  All persons engaged  in any  of the processes specified in paragraph 2 of this schedule shall, while at work in such processes, wear the face guards and gauntlets provided under the provisions of the said paragraph.