Printing presses and type foundries and certain lead processes carried therein
1. Definitions - For the purpose of this schedule -
(a) “lead material” means material containing not less than five per cent of lead ;
(b) “lead process” means –
(i) the melting of lead or any lead material for casting and mechanical composing;
(ii) the recharging of machines with used lead material;
(iii) any other work including removal of dross from melting pots and cleaning of plungers; and
(iv) manipulation, movement or other treatment of lead material.
(c) “efficient exhaust draught” means localised ventilation effected by head or mechanical means for the removal of gas, vapour, dust or fumes so as to prevent them from escaping into the air of any place in which work is carried on. No draught shall be deemed efficient which fails to remove smoke generated at the point where such gas, vapour, fume, or dust originate.
2. Exhaust draught -
(1) None of the following processes shall be carried on except with an efficient exhaust draught unless carried on in such a manner as to prevent free escape of gas, vapour, fumes or dust into any place in which work is carried on, or unless carried on in electrically heated and thermostatically controlled melting pots:-
(a) melting lead material or slugs; and
(b) heating lead material so that vapour containing lead is given off.
(2) Such exhaust draught shall be effected by mechanical means and so contrived as to operate on the dust, fume, gas or vapour given off as closely as may be at its point of origin.
(3) Prohibition relating to women and young persons.- No woman or young person shall be employed or permitted to work in any lead process.
(4) Separation of certain processes.- Each of the following processes shall be carried on in such a manner and under such conditions as to secure effectual separation from one another and from any other processes :-
(a) melting of lead or any lead material;
(b) casting of lead ingots; and
(c) mechanical composing.
5. Container for dross - A suitable receptacle with tightly fitting cover shall be provided and used for dross as it is removed from every melting pot. Such receptacle shall be kept covered while in the workroom near the machine except when the dross is being deposited therein.
6. Floor of workroom - The floor of every workroom where lead process is carried on shall be -
(a) of cement or similar material so as to be smooth and impervious to water;
(b) maintained in sound condition; and
(c) shall be cleansed throughout daily after being thoroughly damped with water at a time when no other work is being carried on at the place.
7. Messroom - There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all persons employed in a lead process and remaining on the premises during the meal intervals, a suitable messroom which shall be furnished with sufficient tables and benches.
8. Washing facilities - (1) There shall be provided and maintained in a cleanly state and in good repair for the use of all persons employed in a lead process –
(a) a wash place with either –
(i) a trough with a smooth impervious surface fitted with a waste pipe without plug, and of sufficient length to allow at least 60 centimetres for every five such persons employed at any one time, and having a constant supply of water from taps or jets above the trough at intervals of not more than 60 centimetres; or
(ii) at least one wash basin for every five such persons employed at any one time, fitted with a waste pipe and plug and having a adequate supply of water laid on or always readily available; and
(b) a sufficient supply of clean towels made of suitable materials renewed daily, with a sufficient supply of soap or other suitable cleansing material.
9. Food, drinks, etc. prohibited in workrooms - No food, drink, pan and supari or tobacco shall be consumed or brought by any worker into any workroom in which any lead process is carried on.
10. Medical facilities and records of examinations and tests.- (1) The occupier of every factory to which the schedule applies shall-
(a) employ a qualified medical practitioner for medical surveillance of the workers employed therein whose employment shall be subject to the approval of the Chief Inspector of Factories; and
(b) provide to the said medical practitioner all the necessary facilities for the purpose referred to in clause (a).
(2) The record of medical examinations and appropriate tests carried out by the said medical practitioner shall be maintained in a separate register approved by the Chief Inspector of Factories, which shall be kept readily available for inspection by the Inspector.
11. Medical examination by Certifying Surgeon - (1)Every worker employed in a lead processes shall be examined by a Certifying Surgeon within 15 days of his first employment. Such examination shall include tests for lead in urine and blood. ALA in urine, haemoglobin content, stippling of cells and steadiness test. No worker shall be allowed to work after 15 days of his first employment in the factory unless certified fit for such employment by the Certifying Surgeon.
(2) Every worker employed in the said processes shall be re-examined by a Certifying Surgeon at least once in every six calendar months. Such re-examination shall, wherever the Certifying Surgeon considers appropriate, include tests as specified in sub- paragraph (1).
(3) The Certifying Surgeon after examining a worker, shall issue a Certificate of Fitness in Form 23. The record of examination and re-examinations carried out shall be entered in the Certificate and the Certificate shall be kept in the custody of the manager of the factory. The record of each examination carried out under sub-paragraphs (1) and (2), including the nature and the results of the tests, shall also be entered by the Certifying Surgeon in a health register in Form 24.
(4) The Certificate of Fitness and the health register shall be kept readily available for inspection by the Inspector.
(5) If at any time the Certifying Surgeon is of the opinion that a worker is no longer fit for employment in the said process on the ground that continuance therein would involve special danger to the health of the worker he shall make a record of his findings in the said Certificate and the health register. The entry of his findings in these documents should also include the period for which he considers that the said person is unfit for work in the said processes. The person so suspended from the process shall be provided with alternate placement facilities unless he is fully incapacitated in the opinion of the Certifying Surgeon, in which case the person affected shall be suitably rehabilitated.
(6) No person who has been found unfit to work as said in sub-paragraph (5) above shall be re-employed or permitted to work in the said processes unless the Certifying Surgeon, after further examination, again certifies him fit for employment in those processes.
12. Exemption - Where the Chief Inspector is satisfied that all or any of the provisions of this schedule are not necessary for the protection of persons employed, he may by certificate in writing exempt any factory from all or any such provisions subject to such conditions as he may specify therein. Such certificate may at any time be revoked by the Chief Inspector.