Schedule – X

Printing presses and type foundries and certain lead processes  carried  therein


1.         Definitions - For the purpose of this schedule -


(a)                 “lead material” means material containing not less than five per cent of lead ;


(b)                 “lead process” means –


(i)                 the  melting  of lead or any lead material for  casting  and mechanical composing;

(ii)               the recharging of machines with used lead material;

(iii)             any other work including removal of dross from melting  pots  and cleaning of plungers; and

(iv)              manipulation, movement or other treatment of lead material.


(c)                 “efficient exhaust draught” means localised ventilation effected  by head or mechanical  means for the removal of gas,  vapour,  dust  or fumes  so  as to prevent them from  escaping  into  the  air of any place in which work is carried on.  No  draught  shall be deemed efficient which fails to remove smoke  generated  at the point where such gas, vapour, fume, or dust originate.


2.         Exhaust  draught -


(1)               None of the following processes shall be carried on except  with  an efficient exhaust draught unless carried on in such a  manner as to prevent free escape of gas, vapour, fumes or dust into any   place  in  which  work is carried on, or  unless  carried  on in electrically  heated  and  thermostatically  controlled  melting  pots:-


(a)               melting lead material or slugs; and

(b)               heating  lead material so that vapour containing lead  is  given off.


(2)                     Such exhaust draught shall be effected by mechanical means  and  so  contrived  as to operate on the dust, fume,  gas  or  vapour  given off as closely as may be at its point of origin.


(3)                     Prohibition relating to women and young persons.- No woman or  young   person shall be employed or permitted to work in any lead process.


(4)                     Separation  of certain processes.- Each of the  following  processes shall be carried on in such a manner and under such conditions as to secure  effectual  separation  from  one  another  and from  any   other   processes :-


(a) melting of lead or any lead material;

(b) casting of lead ingots; and

(c) mechanical composing.


5.         Container  for  dross - A suitable receptacle with  tightly  fitting cover  shall  be provided and used for dross as it is  removed  from  every  melting pot.  Such receptacle shall be kept covered while  in   the  workroom  near  the  machine except when  the  dross  is  being  deposited therein.



6.         Floor  of workroom - The floor of every workroom where lead  process is carried on shall be -


(a)         of cement or similar material so as to be smooth and  impervious  to water;


(b)         maintained in sound condition; and


(c)          shall be cleansed throughout daily after being thoroughly  damped with  water at a time when no other work is being carried on  at the place.


7.                   Messroom - There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all persons employed in a lead process and remaining on  the  premises during the meal intervals, a suitable messroom  which  shall  be  furnished with sufficient tables and benches.


8.                   Washing facilities - (1)      There shall be provided and maintained in a cleanly state and in good  repair for the  use of all persons employed  in  a lead process –


(a)   a wash place with either –


(i)        a  trough  with a smooth impervious surface  fitted  with  a  waste  pipe without plug, and of sufficient length to allow at  least  60 centimetres for every  five  such  persons   employed  at any one time, and having a constant  supply  of  water from taps or jets above the trough at intervals of not more than 60 centimetres; or


(ii)       at least one wash basin for every five such persons employed at any  one  time, fitted with a waste pipe and plug and having a adequate supply of water laid on or always readily available; and


(b)        a sufficient supply of clean towels made of suitable materials renewed  daily,  with  a  sufficient supply  of soap or other  suitable cleansing material.


9.                   Food, drinks, etc. prohibited in workrooms - No food, drink, pan and supari  or tobacco shall be consumed or brought by any  worker  into  any workroom in which any lead process is carried on.


10.              Medical facilities and records of examinations and tests.- (1) The occupier of every factory to which the schedule applies shall-


(a)                employ a qualified medical practitioner for medical surveillance of the workers employed therein  whose  employment  shall  be  subject  to the approval of the  Chief Inspector of Factories; and


(b)                provide to  the  said medical practitioner  all  the  necessary   facilities for the purpose referred to in clause (a).


(2)                The record of medical examinations and appropriate tests carried out  by  the said medical practitioner shall  be  maintained  in a separate register approved by the Chief Inspector of  Factories,  which  shall  be kept readily available for  inspection  by  the  Inspector.


11.       Medical examination by Certifying  Surgeon - (1)Every  worker employed in a lead processes shall be examined by a Certifying Surgeon within 15 days of his first employment.  Such examination shall include tests for lead in urine  and  blood. ALA  in  urine,  haemoglobin content,  stippling  of  cells and steadiness test.  No worker shall be allowed to work after 15 days of his first employment in the factory unless certified fit for such employment by the Certifying Surgeon.


(2)                Every worker employed in the said processes shall be re-examined  by  a Certifying Surgeon at least once in every  six calendar months.  Such re-examination shall, wherever  the Certifying Surgeon considers appropriate, include tests as specified in  sub- paragraph (1).


(3)                The  Certifying Surgeon after examining a worker, shall issue  a Certificate  of Fitness in Form 23.  The record  of  examination and  re-examinations  carried  out  shall  be  entered  in   the  Certificate and the Certificate shall be kept in the custody  of the  manager  of the factory.  The record of each examination carried out under sub-paragraphs (1) and  (2),  including  the  nature and the results of the tests, shall also be  entered  by the Certifying Surgeon in a health register in Form 24.


(4)                The Certificate of Fitness and the health register shall be  kept readily available for inspection by the Inspector.


(5)                If at any time the Certifying Surgeon is of the opinion that a worker is no longer fit for employment in the said  process  on  the ground that continuance therein would involve special danger to the health of the worker he shall make a record of  his findings  in the said Certificate and the health register.  The entry of his findings in these documents should also include the period for which he considers that the said person is unfit  for  work in the said processes.  The person so suspended  from  the process  shall be provided with alternate  placement facilities unless he is fully incapacitated in the opinion of the Certifying Surgeon, in which case the person affected shall  be  suitably  rehabilitated.


(6)                No person who has been found unfit to work as  said  in  sub-paragraph (5) above shall be re-employed or permitted to work in the said processes unless the Certifying Surgeon, after  further  examination,  again  certifies him fit for employment  in  those  processes.


12.        Exemption -  Where the Chief Inspector is satisfied that all or  any of  the  provisions of  this schedule are not necessary  for  the  protection  of  persons employed, he may by certificate  in  writing  exempt any factory from all or any such provisions subject to  such conditions  as he may specify therein.  Such certificate may at  any  time be revoked by the Chief Inspector.