Schedule – XIV


Handling and processing of Asbestos, manufacture of any article of Asbestos  and any other process of manufacture or otherwise in which Asbestos is used in any form.


1.                   Application - This schedule shall apply to all factories or parts of factories in which any of the following processes is carried on :-


(a)                breaking, crushing, disintegrating, opening, grinding, mixing or sieving  of asbestos and any other processes involving  handling and manipulation of asbestos incidental thereto;


(b)                all processes in the manufacture of asbestos textiles  including preparatory and finishing processes;


(c)                making  of  insulation  slabs or sections,  composed  wholly  or partly of asbestos, and processes incidental thereto;


(d)                making or repairing of insulating mattresses, composed wholly or partly of asbestos, and processes incidental thereto;


(e)                manufacture of asbestos cardboard and paper;


(f)                  manufacture of asbestos cement goods;


(g)                application of asbestos by spray method;


(h)                sawing,  grinding, turning, abrading and polishing in dry  state  of articles composed wholly or partly of asbestos;


(i)                  cleaning of any room, vessel, chamber, fixture or appliance  for the collection of asbestos dust; and


(j)                   any other processes in which asbestos dust is given off into the  work environment.



2.         Definition - For the purpose of this Schedule -


(a)       “asbestos” means any fibrous silicate mineral and any  admixture containing actionlite, amosite, anthophyllite,   dhrysotile, crocidolite,  tremolite or any mixture thereof,  whether  crude,  crushed or opened;


(b)                 “asbestos textiles” means yarn or cloth composed of asbestos  or asbestos mixed with any other material;


(c)                 “approved”  means approved for the time being in writing by  the Chief Inspector;


(d)                 “breathing  apparatus”  means  a  helmet  or  face  piece   with necessary  connection  by  means  of which  a  person  using  it breathes air free from dust, or any other approved apparatus;


(e)                 “efficient  exhaust  draught” means a localised ventilation by mechanical means for the removal of dust so as to prevent  dust from escaping into air of any place in which work is carried on. No  draught shall be deemed to be efficient  which  fails  to  control dust produced at the point where such dust originates;


(f)                   “preparing” means crushing, disintegrating, and any other processes in or incidental to the opening of asbestos;


(g)                 “protective  clothing” means overalls and head  covering,  which (in either case) will when worn exclude asbestos dust.



3.         Tools  and equipment - Any tools or equipment used in  processes  to which  this schedule applies shall be such that they do  not  create asbestos  dust  above  the permissible limit or are equipped  with efficient exhaust draught.


4.         Exhaust draught -


(1)                An efficient exhaust draught shall be provided and maintained to control dust from the following processes and machines :


(a)         manufacture and conveying machinery namely -

            (i)          preparing, grinding, or dry mixing machines;

(ii)                  carding, card waste and ring spinning machines, and looms;

(iii)                machines or other plant fed with asbestos;

(iv)                 machines  used for the sawing, grinding, turning,  drilling, abrading or polishing;  in  the   dry  state,  of  articles composed wholly or partly of asbestos;


(b)                cleaning, and grinding of the cylinders or other  parts of a carding machine;


(c)                chambers, hoppers or other structures into which loose asbestos is delivered or passes;


(d)                work-benches  for  asbestos waste sorting or for other manipulation or asbestos by hand;


(e)                workplaces  at which the filling or emptying of sacks, skips  or other portable containers, weighing or other process  incidental thereto which is effected by hand, is carried on;


(f)                  sack cleaning machines;


(g)                mixing and blending of asbestos by hand; and


(h)                any other process in which dust is given off  into  the  work environment.


(2)                Exhaust ventilation equipment provided in accordance with sub-paragraph  (1) shall, while any work of maintenance or repair to the machinery, apparatus or other plant or equipment in connection with  which it is provided is being carried  on,  be kept  in use so as to produce an exhaust draught which  prevents the entry of asbestos dust  into the air of any work place.


(3)                Arrangements  shall be made to prevent asbestos dust  discharged from exhaust apparatus being drawn into the air of any workroom.


(4)                The  asbestos bearing dust removed from any  workroom by the exhaust  system  shall be collected in suitable  recepticles  or filter bags which shall be isolated from all work areas.


5.                   Testing and examination of ventilating systems -


(1)              All ventilating systems used for the purpose of extracting  or suppressing dust as required by this schedule shall be examined and inspected once every week by a responsible person.  It shall be thoroughly examined and tested by a competent person once  in every period of 12 months.   Any  defects  found  by such  examinations or test shall be rectified forthwith.


(2)              A register containing particulars of such examination and  tests and  the state of the plant and the repairs or alternations  (if any) found to be necessary shall be kept and shall be  available  for inspection by an Inspector.


6.         Segregation  in  case  of certain process - Mixing  or  blending of asbestos by  the  hand, or  making or repairing of insulating mattresses composed wholly or partly of asbestos shall not be carried on in any room in which any other work is done.


7.         Storage and distribution of loose asbestos -


(1)               All  sacks used as receptacles for the purpose of  transport  of asbestos within the factory shall be constructed of  impermeable materials and shall be kept in good repair.


(2)               A sack which has contained asbestos shall not be  cleaned  by hand beating but by a machine, complying with paragraph 4.


9.         Maintenance of floors and workplaces -


(1)               In every room in which any of the requirements of this  schedule apply –


(a)       the floors, work-benches, machinery and plant shall be kept in a clean  state and  free  from  asbestos  debris  and   suitable arrangements  shall  be  made for the storage  of  asbestos  not immediately required for use; and


(b)       the floors shall be kept free from any materials, plant or other articles  not immediately  required for the work carried  on  in the room, which would construct the proper cleaning of the floor.


(2)               The cleaning as mentioned  in sub-rule (1) shall so for as is practicable,  as  carried  out  by  means of vacuum cleaning equipment so designed and constructed and so used that  asbestos dust neither escapes nor is discharged into the air of any  work place.


(3)               When  the  cleaning   is  done by any  method  other  than  that mentioned  in  sub-paragraph (2),  the  persons  doing  cleaning work  and  any  other  person employed in  that  room  shall  be provided  with respiratory protective  equipment and  protective clothing.


(4)               The  vacuum  cleaning equipment  used  in  accordance with provisions of sub-paragraph (2), shall be properly maintained and after  each  cleaning  operation, its surfaces kept in  a  clean state and free from asbestos waste and dust.


(5)               Asbestos waste shall not be permitted to remain on the floors or other surfaces at the work place at the end of the working shift and shall be transferred without delay to suitable receptacles.   Any  spillage of asbestos  waste occurring  during the  course  of  the work at any time shall be removed  and  transferred  to the receptacles maintained for the purpose  without delay.


10.       Breathing apparatus and protective clothing -

(1)               An approved breathing apparatus and protective clothing shall be provided  and  maintained in good  conditions for use  of  every person employed -


(a)               in chambers containing loose asbestos;


(b)               in cleaning, dust settling or filtering chambers of apparatus;


(c)               in cleaning  the cylinders, including the defer cylinders,  or other parts  of a carding machine by means of hand-strikes;


(d)               in filling, beating , or levelling in the manufacture or  repair of insulating mattresses; and


(e)               in any other operation or circumstances  in  which  it  is impracticable to adopt technical means to control asbestos  dust  in the work environment within the permissible limit.


(2)               Suitable accommodation in conveniently  accessible  position shall  be  provided for the use of persons when  putting on or taking off breathing apparatus and protective clothing  provided  in  accordance  with  this  rule and  for  the storage  of  such apparatus and clothing when not in use.


(3)               All breathing apparatus and protective clothing Washing not in use  shall be stored in the accommodation provided in accordance with  sub-rule (2) above.


(4)               All  protective  clothing in use shall be  de-dusted  under  an efficient  exhaust  draught or by vacuum cleaning and  shall  be washed   at  suitable  intervals.  The  cleaning  schedule   and procedure  should  be  such  as  to  ensure  the  efficiency  in protective the wearer.


(5)               All  breathing  apparatus shall be cleaned and  disinfected  at  suitable intervals and thoroughly inspected once every month  by  a responsible person.


(6)               A record of the cleaning and maintenance and of the condition of  the  breathing  apparatus  shall  be  maintained  in  a  register  provided for that  purpose which shall be readily available for inspection by an Inspector.


(7)               No  person  shall be employed to perform any work  specified  in sub-paragraph (1)  for which breathing apparatus is necessary  to be  provided under that sub-paragraph unless he has been  fully instructed in the proper use of that equipment.


(8)               No  breathing  apparatus provided in pursuance of  sub-paragraph (1)  which has been worn by a person shall be  worn  by  another person  unless  it has been thoroughly cleaned  and  disinfected  since  last being worn and the person has been fully  instructed in the proper use of that equipment.


11.       Separate  accommodation  for  personal  clothing  -  A  separate accommodation shall be provided  in a conveniently accessible position for all persons employed in operation to which  this schedule applies for storing of personal clothing. This should be separated from the accommodation provided under sub-paragraph (2) of  paragraph 10 to prevent contamination  of personal clothing.


12.       Washing   and bathing facilities –


(1)       There shall be provided and maintained in a clean state and in good repair for the use of all workers employed  in  the  processes covered by the schedule, adequate washing and  bathing  places having a constant supply of water under cover at the rate of one such place for every 15 persons  employed.


(2)       The washing  places shall have standpipes place at intervals  of   not less than one metre.


(3)               Not less than  one half of the total number of  washing  places shall be provided  with bathrooms.


(4)               Sufficient  supply  of clean towels  made of suitable  material  shall be provided:


Provided  that  such towels shall be supplied  individually  for  each worker if so ordered by the Inspector.


(5)               Sufficient  supply of soap and nail brushes shall be provided.


13.       Messroom -


(1)       There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all worker employed in the factory  covered by this schedule, remaining on the premises during the rest intervals, a  suitable  mess room  which shall be furnished  with:-


(a)               sufficient  tables  and benches  with back rest, and

(b)               adequate means for warming food.


(2)       The mess room shall be placed under the charge of a responsible person and shall be kept clean.


14.       Prohibition  of employment of young persons - No young person shall be employed in any of the process covered by this schedule.


15.       Prohibition  relating to smoking - No person shall smoke in any area where  processes covered by this schedule are carried on.  A  notice in  the  language understood  by majority of the  workers  shall  be posted in the plant prohibiting smoking at such areas.


16.      Cautionary  notices -


(1)       Cautionary notices shall be displayed at the approaches and along the perimeter of every asbestos processing area  to  warn all persons regarding -


(a)            hazards to  health from asbestos dust,

(b)            need to use appropriate protective  equipment,

(c)             prohibition  of entry to unauthorised persons,  or  authorised  persons  but  without protective equipment.


(2)     Such  notices shall be in the  language  understood by the majority of the workers.



17.       Air monitoring -  To ensure the effectiveness of the control measures, monitoring of asbestos fibre in air shall be carried  out once  at least  in every shift and the record of the results  so obtained  shall be entered in a register specially maintained  for the purpose.


18.       Medical  facilities and records of medical examinations and  tests -   (1) The  occupier of every factory or part of the factory  to  which the schedule applied,  shall-


(a)                employ a qualified medical practitioner for medical surveillance of the workers covered  by this schedule whose employment shall be subject to the approval of the Chief Inspector of Factories;


(b)                provide  to the said medical practitioner all the necessary  facilities for the purpose referred to in clause(a).


(2)        The record of medical  examinations and appropriated tests carried out by the said medical practitioner shall be maintained in a separate register approved by the Chief Inspector of Factories, which shall be kept readily available for  inspection  by the Inspectors.


19.       Medical   examination by Certifying Surgeon -

(1)                 Every worker employed in the processes specified  in  paragraph 1 shall be examined by a Certifying Surgeon within 15 days of his first employment. Such examination shall include pulmonary function test, tests for detecting asbestos fibres in sputum and chest  X-ray.  No worker shall be allowed to work after 15 days of his first employment in the factory unless certified fit  for such employment by the Certifying Surgeon.


(2)                 Every  worker employed in the process referred  to  sub-paragraph  (1)  shall be re-examined  by a Certifying Surgeon at least once in every twelve calendar months.   Such  examination   shall, wherever the Certifying Surgeon considers appropriate,  include  all the tests specified in sub-paragraph (1)  except chest X-ray which will be carried out once in 3 years.


(3)                 The  Certifying Surgeon after examining a worker, shall issue  a Certificate of Fitness in Form 23. The record of examination and re-examinations carried out shall be entered in the  certificate and the certificate shall be kept in the custody  of the manager of the factory.  The record of each examination carried out  under sub-paragraphs (1) and  (2),  including  the nature and the results of the tests, shall also be entered  by the Certifying Surgeon in a health  register in Form 24.


(4)                 The certificate of Fitness and the health register  shall  be  kept readily available  for inspection by the Inspector.


(5)                 If at any time the Certifying Surgeon is of the opinion that a worker is no longer fit for employment in the said processes on the ground that continuance therein would involve special danger  to the health of the worker, he shall make a  record  of his  findings in the said certificate and the health  register. The  entry  of  his findings in  those documents  should  also include  the period for which he considers that the said  person is  unfit  to  work  in  the  said  processes.   The  person  so suspended from the  process  shall be  provided  with  alternate placement  facilities  unless  he is fully incapacitated in  the opinion  of  the Certifying  Surgeon,  in  which  case  the  person affected shall be suitably rehabilitated.


(6)                 No person who has been found unfit to work as said in sub-paragraph (5) shall be re-employed or permitted to work in the said  processes  unless the Certifying Surgeon, after  future examination,  again certifies him fit for employment in  these processes.


20.       Exemptions - If in respect of any factory, the Chief Inspector  is satisfied that owing to the exceptional circumstances or infrequency of  the  processes  or  for any other reason,  all or  any  of  the provisions of this schedule is not necessary for protection of  the workers in the factory, the Chief Inspector may by a certificate  in writing, which he may at his discretion revoke at any time,  exempt such factory  from all or any of such provisions  subject  to  such conditions, if any, as he may specify therein.