Schedule – XVI

Processing  of cashewnut


1.                  Application -  This schedule shall apply to all factories in which roasting, scrubbing and shelling of cashewnuts or extracting oil from cashewnuts or cashewnut shells are carried on.


2.                  Prohibition of employment of women and young persons -  No woman or young person shall be employed in any of the processes specified in paragraph 1 except in shelling of roasted cashewnuts.


3.                  Protective clothing and equipment -  The occupier shall provide and maintain for the use of all  persons employed in roasting and scrubbing of cashewnuts or extracting oil  form cashewnuts  or  cashewnut shells.


(a)                suitable rubber or washable leather gloves;


(b)                suitable  type of impervious aprons with sleeves to  cover body down to knees and shoulders; and


(c)                suitable  type  footwear to afford protection to feet and  legs  against cashewnut oil; and for the workers employed in cashewnut shelling, either-


(d)                a protective ointment containing 10% of shellac, 5% of  alcohol, 10% of sodium  perborate, 5% of carbitol and 20% talc; or


(e)                sufficient quantity of kaolin and coconut oil; and


(f)                  any  other  material or equipment - which  the Chief  Inspector of Factories may deem to be necessary for the protection of the  workers.


4.         Use of protective clothing and equipment - Every person employed in processes specified  in paragraph 1 shall make use of protective clothing and equipment supplied and arrangements shall be  made  by the occupier to supervise the use, maintenance and cleanliness.


5.         Disposal  of shells, ashes, or oil of cashewnut - (1) shells, ashes or oil of cashewnut shall not be stored in any room in which workers are employed and shall be removed at least twice a day to any pit or enclosed place in the case shells and ashes  and to closed containers kept in a separate room in  the  case of oil.


(2)      No  worker shall be allowed to handle shells or oil of cashewnuts without using the protective clothing or equipment   provided under paragraph  3 above.


6.         Floors of workrooms -  The floor of every  workroom  in  which  processes  specified  in paragraph 1 are carried on, shall be of a hard material so as to be smooth and impervious  and  of even surface  and shall be cleaned daily, and spillage of any  cashewnut  oil in  any workroom  shall be washed  with  soap  and  cleaned  immediately.


7.                  Seating accommodation - Workers engaged in shelling of cashewnuts shall be provided with adequate seats or work  benches which shall  be cleaned daily.


8.                  Mess room.- (1) There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all person employed  in  processes specified in paragraph 1, a suitable restroom furnished  with sufficient  tables  and chairs  or  benches.


2.                 Separate  lockers  shall be provided where food, etc. shall be stored by workers before it is consumed in the restroom.


9.         Food, drinks, etc. prohibited in workrooms -  No food, drink, pan, supari or tobacco shall be brought or consumed by any worker in any room in which processes specified in paragraph 1 are   carried out and no person shall remain in any such room during intervals  for meals or rest.


10.       Washing facilities -   Where roasting, scrubbing and shelling of cashewnuts or extracting oil from cashewnut or cashewnut shells is carried on, there shall be provided  and maintained in a  clean state and good repair washing  facilities, with a sufficient supply of soap, coconut oil, nail brushes and towels at the scale of one tap or stand pipe for every 10 workers, and the taps or stand  pipes shall be spaced not less than 1.2  meters apart.


11.       Time allowed for washing -  Before each meal and before the end of the day’s  work, at least ten minutes, in addition to the regular meal times, shall be allowed for washing, to each person   employed  in processes specified  in paragraph 1.


12.       Smoke or gas produced by roasting cashewnuts -  Where smoke or gas is produced in the operation of roasting, provision shall be made for removing the smoke or gas through  a  chimney    of  sufficient height and capacity or by such other arrangements as  may  be  necessary to prevent the gas or smoke escaping into the  air or any place in which workers are employed.


 13.      Storage  of protective equipment - A suitable room  or a portion of  the factory  suitably partitioned off, shall be provided exclusively for the storage of all the protective equipment supplied to the   workers and no such equipment shall be stored in any place other than the room or places so provided.


14.       Medical facilities and records of examinations and tests.- (1) The occupier of every factory to which this schedule applies, shall-


(a)        employ a qualified medical practitioner for medical surveillance of the workers employed therein  whose  employment  shall be subject  to  the approval of the  Chief  Inspector of  Factories; and


(b)        provide to the medical practitioner all the necessary facilities for the purpose  referred to in clause (a).   


(2)        The said medical practitioner shall inspect daily the hands and feet of all the persons employed in the processes  specified  in   paragraph 1.


(3)        The record of such examinations carried out  by the medical  practitioner shall  be maintained  in a separate, register approved by the Chief Inspector of Factories, which shall be kept readily available  for inspection by the Inspector.


(4)     The first-aid box maintained shall also contain Burrough’s Solution (1:20) and aqueous solution of tannic acid (10%) for treatment of cases of dermatitis.


15.       Medical examination by Certifying Surgeon -  (1) Every worker employed in the processes specified in paragraph 1 shall be examined by a Certifying Surgeon within 15 days of his first employment. Such examinations shall  include skin test for dermatitis and no worker shall be allowed to work after 15 days of his first employment in the factory unless certified  fit  for such employment by the Certifying Surgeon.


(2)                 Every worker employed in the said  processes  shall  be  re-examined  by a Certifying Surgeon at least once in every three calendar months.  Such  examinations shall wherever the Certifying Surgeon  considers appropriate, include asking  test  for dermatitis.


(3)                 The Certifying Surgeon after examining a worker, shall issue  a  Certificate  of Fitness in Form 23. The record of examination and re-examinations carried out shall be entered  in  the  Certificate and the Certificate shall be kept  in the custody of  the  manager of the factory.  The record of each examination carried  out  under  sub-paragraph (1) and (2), including the  nature  and the results of these test, shall also be entered  by the Certifying Surgeon in a health register in Form 24.


(4)                 The Certificate of Fitness and the health register shall  be  kept readily available for inspection by the Inspector.


(5)                 If at any time the Certifying Surgeon is of the opinion that a worker is no longer fit for employment in the said processes on the ground that continuance therein would involve  special danger to the health of the worker, he shall make a  record  of  his  findings in the said certificate and the health  register.  The entry of  his findings in  those documents  should  also include the period for which he considers that the said person is unfit to work in the said process shall be provided with alternate placement facilities unless he is  fully incapacitated in the opinion of the Certifying Surgeon, in which case the person affected shall be suitably  rehabilitated.


(6)                 No  person  who  has been found unfit to work as  said  in  sub-paragraph (5) shall be re-employed  or permitted to work in  the  said  processes unless the Certifying  Surgeon,  after  further  examination,  again  certifies him fit for employment  in  those  processes.


16.       Exemption -  The Chief Inspector of Factories may grant exemptions from the operation of any of these where he is satisfied that  their  observance  is  not  necessary for safeguarding the  health  of  the  workers.