Schedule – XX

Manufacture or manipulation of dangerous pesticides
1.         Application - This schedule shall apply in respect of all factories  or  any  part  thereof  in  which  the  process of manufacture or manipulation of dangerous pesticide hereinafter referred to as the said manufacturing process is carried on.


2.         Definitions - For the purpose of this Schedule -


(a)             “dangerous  pesticides” means any product proposed or  used  for  controlling, destroying or repelling any pest or for preventing growth or mitigating effects of such growth including any of its formulations  which is considered toxic under and is covered  by  the Insecticides Act, 1968 and the rules made thereunder and any  other product, as may be notified from time to time by the State Government;


(b)             “manipulation” includes mixing, blending, formulating,  filling, emptying, packing or otherwise handling;


(c)             “efficient exhaust draught” means localised   mechanical ventilation for removal of smoke, gas, vapour, dust,  fume  or  mist  so  as to prevent them from escaping into the air of any  work room in which work is carried on.  No exhaust draught shall be considered efficient if it fails to remove smoke generated at  the point where such gas, fume, dust, vapour or mist originates  from the process.


3.                   Instruction to workers - Every worker on his first employment shall be fully instructed on the properties including dangerous properties of the chemicals handled in the said manufacturing process and the hazards  involved.  The employees shall also be instructed in the measures to be taken to deal with any emergency.  Such  instructions  shall be repeated periodically.


4.                   Cautionary notice and placards - Cautionary notices and placards in the form specified in appendix to this schedule and printed in the language of the majority of the workers shall be displayed  in  all work  places in which said manufacturing process is carried on so that they can be easily and conveniently read by  the workers.  Arrangements  shall be made by the occupier and the manager  of  the factory to periodically instruct the workers regarding the health hazards arising to in the said manufacturing process and methods of protection. Such notices shall include brief instructions regarding  the  periodical  clinical tests required  to be undertaken for projecting health of the workers.


5.                   Prohibition  relating to employment of women or young  persons -  No woman or young person shall be employed or permitted to work in  any room in which the said manufacturing process is carried on or in any  room in which dangerous pesticide is stored.


6.                   Food, drinks, and smoking prohibition - (1) No food, drink, tobacco, pan or supari shall be brought into or consumed by any  worker in any workroom  in  which  the  said  manufacturing process is carried out.


(2)       Smoking shall be prohibited in any workroom in which the said manufacturing process is carried out.


7.         Protective clothing and protective equipment -    (1)   Protective clothing consisting of long pants and shirts or overalls with long sleeves and head coverings shall be provided for all workers employed in the said manufacturing process.


            (2)       (a)      Protective equipment consisting of rubber gloves,  gum  boots, rubber aprons, chemical safety goggles and respirators shall be provided for all workers employed in the said  manufacturing process.


(b)         Gloves, boots, aprons shall be made from synthetic rubber  where  a pesticide contains oil.


(3)                Protective clothing and equipment shall be worn by the workers supplied with such clothing and equipment.


(4)                Protective clothing and equipment shall be washed daily from inside and outside if the workers handle pesticides containing nicotine or phosphorous and shall be washed frequently  if handling other pesticides.


(5)                Protective  clothing and equipment shall be maintained  in  good  repair.


8.         Floors and work-benches - (1) Floors in every workroom where dangerous pesticides are manipulated  shall  be of cement or other  impervious  material  giving a smooth surface.


(2)        Floors shall be maintained in good repair, provided with adequate slope leading to a drain and thoroughly washed once a day with the hose pipe.


(3)        Work-benches where dangerous pesticides are manipulated shall be made of smooth, non-absorbing  material  preferably  stainless steel and shall be cleaned at least once daily.


9.         Spillage and waste - (1)If a dangerous pesticide during its manipulation  splashes or spills  on the work-bench, floor or on the protective clothing worn by a worker, immediate action shall be taken for through decontamination of such areas or articles.


(2)                 Cloth, rags, paper or other material soaked or soiled  with a dangerous pesticide shall be deposited in a suitable receptacle with tight fitting cover. Contaminated waste shall be destroyed  by  burning at least once a week.      


(3)                 Suitable deactivating agents, where available, shall be kept  in a readily  accessible  place  for  use  while  attending  to  a spillage.


(4)                 Easy means of access shall be provided to all parts of the plant  for cleaning, maintenance and repairs.


10.       Empty containers used for dangerous pesticides - Containers used for dangerous pesticides shall be thoroughly cleaned of their contents and treated with an inactivating agent before being  discarded  or  destroyed.


11.       Manual handling - (1)A dangerous pesticide shall not be required or allowed to be manipulated by hand except by means of a long handled scoop.


(2)       Direct contact of any part of the body with a dangerous pesticide during its manipulation shall be avoided.


12.       Ventilation - (1) In every workroom or area where  a  dangerous  pesticide  is manipulated, adequate ventilation shall be provided at all times  by the circulation of fresh air.


(2)       Unless the process is completely enclosed,  the following operations during manipulation of a dangerous pesticide shall not be undertaken without an efficient exhaust draught :-


(a)               emptying a container holding a dangerous pesticide;


(b)               blending a dangerous pesticide;


(c)               preparing a liquid or powder formulation containing a dangerous pesticide; and


(d)               changing or filling a dangerous pesticide into a container, tank hopper or machine or small sized containers.


(3)       In the event of a failure of the exhaust draught provided on the above operation, the said operations shall be stopped forthwith.


13.       Time allowed for washing - (1)Before  each meal and before the end of the day’s work at  least  ten  minutes in addition to the regular rest interval shall be allowed  for washing to each worker engaged in the  manipulation of dangerous pesticide.


(2)       Every worker engaged in the manipulation of dangerous pesticides shall have a thorough wash before consuming any  food  and also at the end of the day’s work.


14.       Washing and bathing facilities -  (1) There shall be provided and maintained in a clean state and  in good repair for the use of all workers employed in the factory where the said manufacturing process is carried on, adequate washing and bathing places having a constant supply  of  water  under  cover at the rate of one such place for every  5  persons employed.


(2)               The washing places shall have standpipes placed at intervals of not less than one metre.


(3)               Not less than one half of the total number of washing places shall be provided with bathrooms.


(4)               Sufficient supply of clean towels made of suitable  material shall be provided :


Provided  that  such towels shall be supplied  individually  for each worker is so ordered by the Inspector.

(5)       Sufficient supply of soap and nail brushes shall be provided.


15.       Cloakroom -  There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all workers employed in the factory where the said manufacturing process is carried on -


(a)                 a cloakroom for clothing put off during working hours with adequate arrangements for drying clothing, if wet; and


(b)        separate and suitable arrangements for the storage of protective clothing provided under paragraph 7.


16.       Mess room - (1) There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all workers employed in the factory in which the said manufacturing process is carried on and remaining on the premises during the rest intervals, suitable mess room which shall be furnished with -


(a)       sufficient tables and benches with back rest, and

(b)       adequate means for warming food.


(2)    The mess room shall be placed under the charge of responsible person and shall be kept clean.


17.       Manipulation not be undertaken - Manufacture or manipulation of a pesticides shall not be  undertaken in any factory unless a certificate regarding its dangerous nature or otherwise is  obtained from the Chief Inspector.


18.       Medical facilities and records of examinations and tests - (1) The occupier of every factory to which this schedule applies,  shall -


(a)                employ a qualified medical practitioner for medical surveillance of the workers employed therein whose employment shall be subject to the approval of the Chief Inspector of  Factories; and


(b)                provide to the medical  practitioner all  the necessary facilities for the purpose  referred to in clause (a).


(2)       The record of such examinations carried out by the medical  practitioner shall be maintained in  a separate, register approved  by  the Chief Inspector of Factories, which  shall  be kept readily available  for inspection by the Inspector.


19.       Medical examination by Certifying Surgeon - (1) Every worker employed in the processes specified in paragraph 1 shall be examined by a Certifying Surgeon within 15 days of his first employment. Such examinations shall  include skin test for dermatitis and no worker shall be allowed to work after 15  days  of  his first employment in the  factory  unless certified  fit  for such employment by the Certifying Surgeon.


(2)                Every worker  employed  in the said  process shall be re-examined  by  a Certifying Surgeon at least once in every six calendar months.  Such examination shall, wherever the Certifying Surgeon considers appropriate, include the tests specified in sub-paragraph (1).  Further every worker employed in the said processes shall also be examined once in every three months by the factory medical officer.


(3)                The Certifying Surgeon after examining a worker, shall issue  a Certificate  of Fitness in Form 23.  The record  of  examination  and  re-examinations  carried  out  shall  be  entered  in  the Certificate and the Certificate shall be kept in the custody  of  the  manager  of the factory.  The record of each examination carried  out  under sub-paragraph (1)  and (2),   including  the  nature and the results of these test, shall also be entered  by the certifying Surgeon in a health register in Form 24.


(4)                The Certificate  of Fitness and the health register shall  be kept readily available for inspection by the Inspector.


(5)                If at any time the Certifying Surgeon is of the opinion that a worker is no longer fit for employment in the said  processes on the ground that continuance therein would  involve  special  danger to the health of the worker, he shall make a  record  of   his  findings in the said certificate and the  health  register.  The entry  of  his findings in  those documents  should  also  include the  period  for which he considers   that  the  said person  is unfit to work in the said process shall be provided with alternate placement facilities unless he is fully  incapacitated in the opinion of the Certifying Surgeon, in  which  case the person affected shall be suitably  rehabilitated.


(6)                No person who has been found unfit to work as said in sub-paragraph (5) shall be re-employed  or permitted to work in the said processes unless the Certifying Surgeon, after further examination,  again certifies him fit for employment  in  those processes.


20.       Exemption -  If in respect of any factory the Chief Inspector is satisfied that owing to the exceptional  circumstances or the infrequency of the said manufacturing process or for any other reason which shall record in writing all or any of the provisions of  this schedule are not necessary for  the  protection of workers employed  in the factory, he may by a certificate in writing  exempt  such factory, from all or any of the provisions on such condition as he may specify therein.  Such certificate may at any time be revoked   by the Chief Inspector after recording his reasons therefor.




Insecticides and pesticides


1.                  Chemicals handled in this plant are poisonous substances.


2.                  Smoking,  eating food or drinking, chewing tobacco in this  area  is  prohibited.  No food stuff or drink shall be brought in this area.


3.                  Some  of these chemicals may be absorbed through skin and may  cause  poisoning.


4.                  A good wash shall be taken before meals.


5.                  A good bath shall be taken at the end of this shift.


6.                  Protective  clothing  and equipment supplied shall  be  used  while  working in this area.


7.                  Containers of pesticides shall not be used for keeping food stuffs.


8.                  Spillage of the chemicals on any part of the body or on the floor or  work-bench shall be immediately washed away with water.


9.                  Clothing  contaminated sue to splashing shall be removed immediately.


10.             Scrupulous cleanliness shall be maintained in this area.


11.             Do not handle pesticides with bare hands, use scoops provided with  handle.


12.             In  case of sickness like nausea, vomiting, giddiness, the  manager should  be  informed  who  will  make  necessary  arrangements  for  treatment.


13.             All workers shall report for the prescribed medical tests  regularly  to protect their own health.