Manufacture and repair of electric accumulators
1. Savings - This schedule shall not apply to the manufacture or repair of electric accumulators or parts thereof not containing lead or any compound of lead; or to the repair on the premises, of any accumulator forming part of a stationary battery.
2. Definitions - For the purposes of this schedule -
(a) “Lead process” means the melting of lead or any material containing lead, casting, pasting, lead burning, or any other work, including trimming, or any other abrading or cutting of pasted plates, involving the use, movement or manipulation of or contact with, any oxide of lead;
(b) “manipulation of raw oxide of lead” means any lead process involving any manipulation or movement of raw oxides of lead other than its conveyance in a receptacle or by means of an implement from one operation to another;
3. Prohibition relating to women and young persons - No women or young person shall be employed or permitted to work in any lead process or in any room in which the manipulation of raw oxide of lead or pasting is carried on.
4. Separation of certain processes - Each of the following processes shall be carried on in such a manner and under such conditions as to secure effectual separation from one another , and from other processes :-
a. manipulation of raw oxide of lend;
c. drying of pasted plates;
d. formation with lead turning (tacking)necessarily carried on in connection therewith ; and
e. melting down of pasted plates.
5. Air space - In every room in which a lead process is carried on, there shall be at least 14.2 cubic meters of air space for each person employed therein, and in computing this air space no height over 3.65 meters shall be taken into account.
6. Ventilation - Every workroom shall be provided with inlets and outlets of adequate size as to secure and maintain efficient ventilation in all parts of the room.
7. Distance between workers in pasting room - In every pasting room the distance between the centre of the working position of any paster and that of the paster working nearest to him shall not be less than 1.5 meters.
8. Floor of workrooms -
(1) The floor of every room in which lead process is carried on shall be –
(a) of cement or similar material so as to be smooth and impervious to water;
(b) maintained in sound condition; and
(c) kept free from materials, plant, or other obstructions not required for, or produced in, the process carried on in the room.
(2) In all such rooms other than grid casting shops the floor shall be cleansed daily after being thoroughly sprayed with water at a time when no other work is being carried on in the room.
(3) In grid casting shops the floor shall be cleansed daily.
(4) Without prejudice to the requirements of sub-paragraphs (1), (2) and (3), where manipulation of raw oxide of lead or pasting is carried on, the floor shall also be -
(a) kept constantly moist while work is being done;
(b) provided with suitable and adequate arrangements for drainage; and
(c) thoroughly washed daily by means of hose pipe.
9. Work-benches - The work-benches at which any lead process is carried on shall -
(a) have a smooth surface and be maintained in sound condition; and
(b) be kept free from all materials or plant not required for, or produced in, the process carried on thereat; and all such work-benches other than those in grid casting shops shall –
(c) be cleansed daily either after being thoroughly damped or by means of a suction cleaning apparatus at a time when no other work is being carried on thereat; and, all such work-benches in grid casting shops, shall -
(d) be cleansed daily and every work-bench used for pasting shall –
(e) be covered throughout with sheet lead or other impervious material;
(f) be provided with raised edges; and
(g) be kept constantly moist while pasting is being carried on.
10. Exhaust draught - (1)The following processes shall not be carried on without the use of an efficient exhaust draught :-
(a) melting of lead or materials containing lead;
(b) manipulation of raw oxide of lead, unless done in an enclosed apparatus so as to prevent the escape of dust into the workroom;
(d) trimming, brushing, filing or any other abrading or cutting of pasted plates giving rise to dust and
(e) lead burning, other than –
(i) tacking in the formation room; and
(ii) chemical burning for the making of lead lining for cell cases necessarily carried on in such a manner that the application of efficient exhaust is impracticable.
(2) Such exhaust draught shall be effected by mechanical means and shall operate on the dust or fume given off as nearly as may be at its point of origin, so as to prevent it entering the air of any room in which persons work.
11. Fumes and gases from melting pots - The products of combustion produced in the heating of any melting pot shall not be allowed to escape into a room in which persons work.
12. Container for dross- A suitable receptacle with tightly fitting cover shall be provided and used for dress as it is removed from every melting pot. Such receptacle shall be kept covered while in the workroom, except when dress is being deposited therein.
13. Container for lead waste - A suitable receptacle shall be provided in every workroom in which old plates and waste material which may give rise to dust shall be deposited.
14. Racks and shelves in drying room -
(1) The racks or shelves provided in any drying room shall not be more than 2.4 meters from the floor nor more than 60 centimetres in width :
Provided that as regards racks or shelves set drawn from both sides the total width shall not exceed 120 centimetres.
(2) Such racks or shelves shall be cleaned only after being thoroughly damped unless an efficient suction cleaning apparatus is used for this purpose.
15. Protective clothing -
(1) Protective clothing shall be provided and maintained in good repair for all persons employed in :-
(a) manipulation of raw oxide of lead;
(b) pasting; and
(c) the formation room; and such clothing shall be worn by the persons concerned.
(2) The protective clothing shall consist of a waterproof apron and waterproof footwear; and, in addition, as regards persons employed in the manipulation of raw oxide of lead or in pasting, head coverings. The head coverings shall be washed daily.
16. Messroom - There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all persons employed in a lead process and remaining on the premises during the meal intervals, a suitable messroom, which shall be furnished with sufficient tables and benches, and adequate means for warming food. The messroom shall be placed under the charge of a responsible person, and shall be kept clean.
17. Cloakroom - There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all persons employed in a lead process –
(a) a cloakroom for clothing put off during working hours with adequate arrangements for drying the clothing if wet, which accommodation shall be separate from any messroom; and
(b) separate and suitable arrangements for the storage of protective clothing provided under paragraph 15.
18. Washing facilities - (1) There shall be provided and maintained in a cleanly state and in good repair for the use of all persons employed in a lead process –
(a) a wash place under cover, with either –
(i) a trough with a smooth impervious surface fitted with a waste pipe without plug, and of sufficient length to allow of at least 60 centimetres for every five such persons employed at any one time, and having a constant supply of water from taps or jets above the trough at intervals on not more than 60 centimetres; or
(ii) at least one wash basin for every five such persons employed at any one time, fitted with a waste pipe and plug and having a constant supply of water laid on;
(b) a sufficient supply of clean towels made of suitable materials renewed daily, which supply, in the case of pasters and persons employed in the manipulation of raw oxide of lead, shall include a separate marked towel for each such worker; and
(c) a sufficient supply of soap or other suitable cleansing material and of nail brushes.
(2) There shall in addition be provided means of washing in close proximity to the rooms in which manipulation of raw oxide of lead or pasting is carried on if required by notice in writing from the Chief Inspector.
19. Time to be allowed for washing - Before each meal and before the end of the day’s work, at least ten minutes, in addition to the regular meal times, shall be allowed for washing to each person who has been employed in the manipulation of raw oxide of lead or in pasting :
Provided that if there be one basin or 60 centimetres of trough for each such person this paragraph shall not apply.
20. Facilities for bathing - Sufficient bath accommodation to the satisfaction of the Chief Inspector shall be provided for all persons engaged in the manipulation of raw oxide of lead or in pasting, and a sufficient supply of soap and clean towels.
21. Food, drinks, etc. prohibited in workrooms - No food, drink, pan and supari or tobacco shall be consumed or brought by any worker into any workroom in which any lead process is carried on.
22. Medical facilities and records of examinations and tests - (1)The occupier of every factory in which manufacture and repair of electric accumulators is carried on shall –
(a) employed a qualified medical practitioner for medical surveillance of the workers employed therein whose employment shall be subject to the approval of the Chief Inspector of Factories; and
(b) provide to the said medical practitioner all the necessary facilities for the purpose referred to in clause (a).
(2) The record of medical examinations and appropriate tests carried out by the said medical practitioner shall be maintained in a separate register approved by the Chief Inspector of Factories, which shall be kept readily available for inspection by the Inspector.
23. Medical examination by Certifying Surgeon - (1) Every worker employed in lead processes shall be examined by a Certifying Surgeon within 15 days of his first employment. Such examination shall include tests for lead in urine and blood. ALA in urine, haemoglobin content, stippling of cells and steadiness test. No worker shall be allowed to work after 15 days of his first employment in the factory unless certified fit for such employment by the Certifying Surgeon.
(2) Every worker employed in the said processes shall be re-examined by a Certifying Surgeon at least once in every three calendar months. Such re-examination shall, wherever the Certifying Surgeon considers appropriate, include tests specified in sub- paragraph (1).
(3) The Certifying Surgeon after examining a worker, shall issue a Certificate of Fitness in Form 23. The record of examination and re-examinations carried out shall be entered in the Certificate and the Certificate shall be kept in the custody of the manager of the factory. The record of each examination carried out under sub-paragraphs (1) and (2), including the nature and the results of the tests, shall also be entered by the Certifying Surgeon in a health register in Form 24.
(4) The Certificate of Fitness and the health register shall be kept readily available for inspection by the Inspector.
(5) If at any time the Certifying Surgeon is of the opinion that a worker is no longer fir for employment in the said process on the ground that continuance therein would involve special danger to the health of the worker he shall make a record of his findings in the said Certificate and the health register. The entry of his findings in these documents should also include the period for which he considers that the said person is unfit for work in the said processes. The person so suspended from the process shall be provided with alternate placement facilities unless he fully is incapacitated in the opinion of the Certifying Surgeon, in which case the person affected shall be suitably rehabilitated.
(6) No person who has been found unfit to work as said in sub-paragraph (5) above shall be re-employed or permitted to work in the said processes unless the Certifying Surgeon, after further examination, again certifies him fit for employment in those processes.