Schedule – III

Manufacture and repair  of electric accumulators


1.                  Savings - This schedule shall not apply to the manufacture or repair  of  electric accumulators or parts  thereof  not containing lead or any  compound of lead; or to the repair on the premises,  of  any  accumulator forming part of a stationary battery.


2.         Definitions - For the purposes of this schedule -


(a)       “Lead  process”  means  the melting  of lead  or any   material  containing   lead, casting, pasting, lead burning, or any  other work,  including  trimming, or any other abrading or  cutting   of pasted plates, involving  the use, movement or manipulation of or  contact with, any oxide of lead;


(b)       “manipulation  of  raw oxide  of lead” means any lead  process  involving  any  manipulation or movement  of raw oxides  of  lead  other  than its  conveyance  in a receptacle  or by means  of  an  implement  from one operation to another;


3.         Prohibition relating to women and young  persons - No  women   or young  person   shall be employed or permitted to work in  any  lead process  or  in any room in which the manipulation of raw  oxide  of  lead or pasting is carried on.


4.         Separation  of certain processes -  Each of the following  processes  shall be carried on in such a manner and under such conditions as  to  secure   effectual   separation from one another , and  from   other  processes :-


a.         manipulation of raw oxide of lend;

b.         pasting;

c.         drying of pasted plates;

d.         formation with lead turning (tacking)necessarily carried  on  in connection therewith ; and    

e.         melting down of pasted plates.


5.         Air  space -  In every room in which a lead process is  carried  on, there  shall be at least 14.2  cubic meters  of air space  for  each   person  employed therein, and in computing this air space no  height  over 3.65 meters shall be taken into account.


6.         Ventilation -  Every  workroom  shall be provided  with  inlets and outlets  of  adequate  size  as to  secure  and  maintain  efficient  ventilation in all parts of the room.


7.         Distance between workers in pasting room - In every pasting room the  distance  between the centre of the working position of  any  paster and that of the paster working nearest to him shall not be less than 1.5 meters.


8.         Floor  of  workrooms - 


(1)               The  floor of every room in which lead process  is  carried  on  shall be –


(a)       of cement or similar material so as to be smooth and  impervious  to water;

(b)       maintained in sound condition; and

(c)        kept  free  from  materials, plant, or  other  obstructions  not   required  for,  or produced in, the process carried  on  in  the  room.


(2)               In all such rooms other than grid casting shops the floor  shall  be cleansed daily after being thoroughly sprayed with water at a  time when no other work is being carried on in the room.


(3)               In grid casting shops the floor shall be cleansed daily.


(4)       Without  prejudice  to the requirements of  sub-paragraphs  (1),   (2) and (3), where manipulation of raw oxide of lead or  pasting is carried on, the floor shall also be  -


(a)       kept constantly moist while work is being done;

(b)       provided  with suitable and adequate arrangements for  drainage;   and

(c)        thoroughly washed daily by means of hose pipe.


9.         Work-benches - The work-benches at which any lead process is carried  on shall -


(a)               have a smooth surface and be maintained in sound condition; and


(b)               be  kept free from all materials or plant not required  for,  or produced in, the process carried on thereat; and  all  such work-benches other than those in grid  casting  shops  shall –


(c)               be  cleansed  daily either after being thoroughly damped  or  by   means  of a suction cleaning apparatus at a time when  no  other work is being carried on thereat; and, all such work-benches in grid casting shops, shall  -


(d)               be cleansed daily and every work-bench used for pasting shall –


(e)               be  covered  throughout  with sheet  lead  or  other  impervious  material;


(f)                 be provided with raised edges; and 


(g)               be kept constantly moist while pasting is being carried on.


10.       Exhaust  draught - (1)The following processes shall not be carried on without the  use  of an efficient exhaust draught :-


(a)       melting of lead or materials containing lead;

(b)       manipulation  of raw oxide of lead, unless done in  an  enclosed  apparatus so as to prevent the escape of dust into the workroom;

(c)        pasting;

(d)       trimming,  brushing, filing or any other abrading or cutting  of  pasted plates giving rise to dust and

(e)               lead burning, other than –


            (i)         tacking in the formation room; and


(ii)        chemical  burning  for the making of lead  lining  for  cell cases necessarily  carried  on in  such a  manner  that  the  application of efficient exhaust is impracticable.


(2)        Such  exhaust draught shall be effected by mechanical means  and   shall operate on the dust or fume given off as nearly as may  be at its point of   origin, so as to prevent it entering the air  of any room in which persons work.


11.       Fumes  and  gases  from melting pots - The  products  of  combustion produced  in the heating of any melting pot shall not be allowed  to  escape into a room in which persons work.


12.       Container  for  dross- A suitable receptacle with  tightly  fitting cover shall be provided and used for dress as it is  removed  from every melting pot.  Such  receptacle shall be kept covered while  in   the workroom, except when dress is being deposited therein.


13.       Container  for lead waste - A suitable receptacle shall be provided in every workroom in which old plates and waste material which may give rise to dust shall be deposited.


14.       Racks and shelves in drying room -


(1)      The  racks or shelves provided in any drying room shall  not  be  more than 2.4 meters from the floor nor more than 60 centimetres in width :


Provided  that  as regards racks or shelves set drawn  from both sides the total width shall not exceed 120 centimetres.


(2)        Such  racks  or  shelves  shall  be  cleaned  only  after  being thoroughly damped unless an efficient suction cleaning apparatus  is used for this purpose.


15.             Protective clothing -


(1)       Protective clothing shall be provided and maintained in good repair for all persons employed in :-


(a)               manipulation of raw oxide of lead;

(b)               pasting; and

(c)               the formation room; and such clothing shall be worn by the persons concerned.


(2)       The protective clothing shall consist of a waterproof apron  and waterproof  footwear;  and,  in  addition,  as  regards  persons employed in the manipulation of raw oxide of lead or in pasting, head coverings.  The head coverings shall be washed daily.


16.       Messroom - There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all  persons  employed  in a lead process and remaining on  the  premises  during  the  meal  intervals, a suitable messroom,  which  shall  be  furnished with sufficient tables and benches, and adequate means for  warming  food.  The messroom shall be placed under the charge  of  a responsible person, and shall be kept clean.


17.       Cloakroom -  There shall be provided and maintained for the  use  of    all persons employed in a lead process –


(a)       a  cloakroom  for  clothing put off during  working  hours  with adequate  arrangements  for drying the      clothing  if  wet,  which accommodation shall be separate from any messroom; and


(b)       separate and suitable arrangements for the storage of protective   clothing provided under paragraph 15.


18.                                                 Washing facilities - (1) There shall be provided and maintained in a cleanly state and in  good  repair  for  the  use of all  persons  employed  in  a lead  process –



(a)            a wash place under cover, with either –


(i)        a  trough  with a smooth impervious surface  fitted  with  a  waste  pipe without plug, and of sufficient length to  allow of  at  least  60 centimetres for every  five  such  persons   employed  at any one time, and having a constant  supply  of  water from taps or jets above the trough at intervals on not  more than 60 centimetres; or


(ii)       at least one wash basin for every five such persons employed   at  any  one  time, fitted with a waste pipe  and  plug  and  having a constant supply of water laid on;


(b)       a  sufficient supply of clean towels made of suitable  materials renewed daily, which supply, in the case of pasters and  persons employed in the manipulation of raw oxide of lead, shall include   a separate marked towel for each such worker; and


(c)       a sufficient supply of soap or other suitable cleansing material  and of nail brushes.


(2)        There  shall in addition be provided means of washing  in  close   proximity  to  the rooms in which manipulation of raw  oxide  of  lead  or pasting is carried on if required by notice in  writing   from the Chief Inspector.


19.       Time to be allowed for washing - Before each meal and before the end  of the day’s work, at least ten minutes, in addition to the  regular meal times,  shall be allowed for washing to each person who has been  employed in the manipulation of raw oxide of lead or in pasting :


Provided that if there be one basin or 60 centimetres of trough  for  each such person this paragraph shall not apply.

20.       Facilities  for  bathing -  Sufficient  bath  accommodation  to   the  satisfaction  of  the  Chief Inspector shall  be  provided  for  all persons  engaged  in  the manipulation of raw oxide of  lead  or  in pasting, and a sufficient supply of soap and clean towels.  


21.       Food, drinks, etc. prohibited in workrooms - No food, drink, pan and  supari  or tobacco shall be consumed or brought by any  worker  into any workroom in which any lead process is carried on.


22.       Medical  facilities and records of examinations and tests -  (1)The occupier of every factory in which manufacture and repair of   electric accumulators  is carried on shall –


(a)       employed a qualified  medical practitioner  for medical  surveillance of the workers employed therein  whose  employment shall be subject to the approval of the  Chief  Inspector  of  Factories; and

(b)       provide to the said medical practitioner all the necessary facilities for the purpose referred to in clause (a).


 (2)      The record of medical examinations and appropriate tests carried out by the said medical practitioner shall  be  maintained in  a separate register approved by the Chief Inspector of  Factories, which  shall  be kept readily available for inspection  by  the  Inspector.


23.       Medical  examination  by  Certifying  Surgeon - (1)  Every  worker employed in lead processes shall be examined by  a  Certifying Surgeon within 15 days of his first employment.  Such  examination   shall include tests for lead in urine  and  blood.   ALA  in  urine,  haemoglobin content,  stippling  of  cells  and  steadiness  test.  No worker shall be allowed to work  after  15 days of his first employment in the factory unless certified fit for such employment by the Certifying Surgeon.


(2)       Every worker employed in the said processes shall be re-examined by  a Certifying Surgeon at least once in every  three  calendar months.  Such re-examination shall, wherever the Certifying  Surgeon  considers appropriate, include tests specified in  sub- paragraph (1).


(3)       The Certifying Surgeon after examining a worker, shall issue  a Certificate of Fitness in Form 23. The record of examination and re-examinations carried out shall be entered in the Certificate and the Certificate shall be kept in the custody of  the manager  of the factory.  The record of each examination carried out  under sub-paragraphs (1) and  (2), including the  nature  and the results of the tests, shall also be  entered  by the Certifying Surgeon in a health register in Form 24.


 (4)      The Certificate of Fitness and the health register shall be  kept  readily available for inspection by the Inspector.


 (5)      If at any time the Certifying Surgeon is of the opinion that a worker is no longer fir for employment in the said  process  on  the ground that continuance therein would involve special danger to  the  health of the worker he shall make a record of his findings  in the said Certificate and the health register.  The  entry of his findings in these documents should also include the period for which he considers that the said person is unfit  for  work  in the said processes.  The person so suspended from  the process shall be provided with alternate  placement  facilities unless he fully is incapacitated in the opinion of the Certifying Surgeon,  in  which case the person affected shall  be  suitably  rehabilitated.


(6)       No person who has been found unfit to work as  said  in  sub-paragraph (5) above shall be re-employed or permitted to work in the said processes unless the Certifying Surgeon, after  further  examination,  again  certifies him fit for employment  in  those  processes.