Chapter - X

SUPPLEMENTAL

 

123. Procedure in appeals

124. Display of notices

125. Returns

126. Service of notices

127. Information required by the Inspectors

128. Permissible levels of certain chemical substances in work environment

129. Muster roll

130. Register of accidents and dangerous occurrences

131. Maintenance of Inspection book                             

132. Information regarding closure of factories

 

Rule prescribed under sub-section (1) of section 107

 

123.    Procedure in appeals

(1)               and appeal presented under section 107 shall lie with the Chief  Inspector or in cases where the order appealed against is an order passed by that officer, with the State Government or with such authority as the State Government as the State Government  may appoint in this behalf and shall be in the form of a memorandum  setting forth concisely the grounds of objection to the order and bearing court-fees stamp in accordance with Article 11 of Schedule  II to the Court-fees  Act, 1870, and shall be accompanied by a copy of the order appealed against.

(2)               On receipt of the memorandum of appeal, the appellate authority  shall, if it thinks fit or if the appeallant has requested that the appeal should be heard with  the aid of assessors, call upon the body declared under sub-rule (3) to be representative  of the industry concerned, to appoint an assessor within a period of 14 days. If an assessor is nominated by such body, the appellate authority shall appoint  a second assessor itself.  It shall then fix a date for the hearing  of the appeal and shall give due notice of such date to the appeallant and to the Inspector whose order is appealed against, and shall call upon the two assessors to appear upon such date to assist in the hearing of the appeal.

(3)               The appellant   shall state in the memorandum presented under sub-rule (1) whether he is a member of one or more of the following bodies. The body empowered to appoint the assessor  shall :

 
(a)               if the appellant is a member of one of such bodies, be that body;
 
(b)                if he is a member of two such bodies, be the body which the appellant desired should appoint such assessor; and
 
(c)               if the appellant is not a member of any of the aforesaid bodies or if he  does not state in the memorandum which of such bodies he desires  should appoint the assessor, be the body  which the appellant  authority considers as the best fitted to represent  the industry concerned.

1......................................................

2......................................................

3......................................................

4......................................................

 

(4)               An assessor appointed in accordance with the provisions of sub-rules 2 and 3 shall receive, for the bearing of the appeal, a fee to be fixed by the appellate authority, subject to a maximum of Rs.............. per diem. He shall  also receive  the actual  travelling expenses.  The fees and travelling expenses shall be paid to the assessors  by State Government, but  where assessors have been appointed  at the request of the appellant and the appeal has been decided wholly or partly  against him  the appellate authority  may direct that the fees and travelling expenses of the assessors shall be paid  in whole  or in part by the appellant.

 

Rule prescribed under sub-section (1) of section 108

 

124.    Display of notices

The abstract of the Act and of the rules required to be displayed in every factory shall  be in Form 28.

 

Rule prescribed under section 110

 

125.    Returns

 

The manager of every factory shall furnish to the Inspector or other officer  appointed by the State Government in this behalf, following returns  in the form and within the due dates specified below :-

(a)               annual return  in Form 29 , in duplicate , on or before  the 31st January of each year; and

(b)               half-yearly return in Form 30, in duplicate, on or before the 15th July of each year.

 

Rule prescribed under section 109

126.    Service of notices

The despatch by post under registered cover of any notice or order shall be deemed  sufficient service on the occupier, owner or manager of a factory of such notice or order.

 

Rules 127 to 132 prescribed under section 112

127.    Information required  by the Inspector

The occupier , owner or manager of a factory shall furnish any information that  an Inspector may require for the purpose of satisfying  himself whether any  provision of the Act has been complied  with or whether any order of an Inspector has been duly carried out.  Any  demand by an Inspector for any such information,  if made, during the course of any inspection, shall be complied forthwith if the information is available in the factory,  or, if made in writing, shall be complied with within seven days of receipt thereof.

 

128.    Permissible levels of certain chemical substances in work  environment

Without  prejudice to the requirements in any other provisions in the Act or the Rules, the requirements as specified in this Schedule shall apply to all factories.

SCHEDULE

1.      Definitions :  for the purpose  of this schedule -

 

(a)   “mg/m3”  means milligrams of a substances per cubic metre of air;

 

(b)   “mppem” means  million particles of a substance per cubic metre of air;

 

(c)   “ppm” means  parts of vapour or gas per million parts of air by volume at 25 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury pressure;

 

(d)   ”Time  weighted average  concentration” means the average concentration of a substance in the air at any work location in a factory computed from evaluation of adequate number of air samples taken at that location, spread over the entire shift on any day,  after giving weightage to the duration for which each such sample is collected and the concentration  prevailing at the time of taking the sample.

 

Time weighted average     C1T1 + C2T2 + ........CnTn

concentration         =            ------------------------------------

                                                 T1 + T2    +.........Tn 

Where C1 represents  the  concentration of the substance for  duration T1 (in hours);

 

             C2  represents  the concentration of the substance  for  duration T2 (in hours); and

 

             Cn   represents the concentration of the substance for duration  Tn (in hours).

 

(e)   “Work location” means  a location in a factory at which a worker works or may be required to work at any time during any shift on any day.

 

2.          Limits  of concentration of substances at work location.- (1) The time weighted average concentration of any substance listed in table 1 or 2  of the  schedule, at any work location in a factory during any shift on any day shall not exceed the limit of the permissible time weighted average concentration specified in respect of that substance:

 

Provided that in the case of a substance mentioned in Table 1 in respect of which a limit in terms of short term maximum concentration is indicated, the concentration of such a substance may exceed the permissible limit of the time weighted average concentration for the substance for short periods not exceeding 15 minutes at a time, subject to the condition that-

(a)               such periods during which the concentration exceeds the prescribed time weighted average concentration are restricted to not more than 4 per shift;

 

(b)               the time  interval between any two such periods  of higher exposure shall not be less than 60 minutes; and

 

(c)               at no time the concentration of the substance in the air shall exceed the limit of short term maximum concentration.

 

2.      In the case of any substance given in Table 3, the concentration of the substance at any work location in a factory at any time during any day shall not exceed the limit of exposure for that substance specified in the table.

3.      In the cases where  the word “skin” has been indicated against certain substance mentioned in Tables 1 and 3, appropriate measures shall be taken to prevent absorption through cutaneous routes particularly skin, mucous membranes, and eyes as the limits specified in these Tables are for conditions where the exposure is only through respiratory tract.

4.         (a)     In case, the air at any work location contains a mixture  of such substances  mentioned in Table 1,2 or 3, which have similar toxic properties, the time weighted concentration  of each of these substances during the  shift should be such that when these time weighted  concentration divided by the respective permissible time weighted average concentration specified in the above mentioned tables, and the fractions obtained are added together, the total shall not exceed unity.

 

i.e.  C1    +   C2     +             Cn      should not exceed  unity

       L1             L2                            Ln

 

 Where C1 ,C2  .......... Cn are the time weighted concentration of toxic  substances 1,2,..........and  n respectively, determined after measurement at work location;

and L1,L2 .........Ln are the permissible time weighted average concentration of the toxic substances 1,2,.....and n respectively.

(b)     In case the air  at any work location contains a mixture of substances, mentioned in Table 1,2,3 and these do not have similar toxic properties, then the time weighted concentration of each of these substances shall not exceed the permissible time weighted average concentration specified in the above mentioned tables, for that particular substance.

(c)     The requirement in clauses (a) and (b) shall be in addition to the requirements   in paragraphs 2 (1) and 2(2).

 

3.         Sampling and evaluation procedures.-

(1)                Notwithstanding provisions in any other paragraphs, the sampling  and evaluation procedures  to be adopted for checking compliance with the provisions in the schedule shall be as per standard procedures in vogue from time to time.

(2)                Notwithstanding  the provisions in paragraph 5, the following conditions regarding the sampling and evaluation procedures relevant to checking compliance with the provisions in the schedule are specified.

 

(a)             For determination of the number of particles per cubic metre  in item 1 (a)(i)(1) in Table 2, samples are to be collected by standard or midget impinger and the counts made by light-field technique.

(b)             The percentage of quartz in the 3 formulae given in item  1(a)(i) of Table 2 is to be determined from air borne samples.

(c)             For determination of number of fibres as specified in item 2(a) of Table 2, the membrane filter method at 430 x magnification (4mm objective) with   phase contrast illumination should be used.

(d)             Both for determination of concentration and percentage of quartz for use of the formula given in item 1(a)(i)(2) of Table 2, the fraction passing through a size-selector with the following characteristics should only be considered.

Aerodynamic diameter                             Percentage allowed

(unit density sphere)                                     by size-selector

 

             2.0                                                                    90

             2.5                                                                    75

             3.5                                                                    50

             5.0                                                                    25

           10.0                                                                      0

 

5.            Power  to require  assessment of concentration of substances.-(1)An Inspector may, by an order in writing, direct the occupier or manager of a factory to get before any specified date, the assessment of the time weighted average concentration at any work location of any of the substances mentioned in Table 1,2 or 3 carried out.

 (2) The results of such assessment as well as the method followed for air sampling and analysis for such assessment shall be sent to the Inspector within 3 days from the date of completion of such assessment and also a record of the same kept readily available for inspection by an Inspector.

6.             Exemption.- If in respect of any factory or a part of a factory, the Chief Inspector is satisfied that, by virtue of the pattern of working time of the workers at different work locations or an account of other circumstances, no worker is exposed, in the air at the work locations, to a substance or substances specified in Tables 1,2 or 3 to such an extent as is likely to be injurious to his health, he (the Chief Inspector) may by an order in writing, exempt the factory or a part of the factory from the requirements in paragraph 2, subject to such conditions, if any, as he may specify therein.     

 

TABLE - 1

 

Substance

Permissible limits of exposure

 

Time-weighted average concentration

Short-term maximum concentration

 

ppm

mg/m3

ppm

mg/m3

Acetic acid   

10

25

15

37

Acrelein    

0.1

0.25

0.3

0.8

Aldrin-skin

-

0.25

-

0.75

Ammonia

25

18

35

27

Aniline-skin     

2

10

5

20

Anisidine (o-poisoners)-skin

0.1

0.5

-

-

Arsenic & compounds (as) 

-

0.2

-

-

Benzene     

10

30

-

-

Bromine       

0.1

0.7

0.3

2

2 Butanene Methylethyl Ketone – MEK         

200

590

300

885

n-Butyl acetate  

150

710

200

950

sec/tert.Butyl acetate 

200

950

250

1190

Cadmium-dust and salts (as Cd)

-

0.05

-

0.2

Calcium Oxide

-

2

-

-

Carbaryl (Sovin)

-

5

-

10

Carbofuran (Furadan)

-

0.1

-

-

Carbon disulphide-skin

2

60

30

90

Carbon monoxide

50

55

400

440

Carbon tetrachloride-skin

10

65

20

130

Carbonyl chloride (Phosgene)

0.1

0.4

-

-

Chlordane-skin

-

0.5

-

2

Chlorobenzene (mono chloro- benzene)

75

350

-

-

Chlorine

1

3

3

9

bis-Chloromethyl ether

0.001

-

-

-

Chromic acid andchromates (as Cr.)

-

0.05

-

-

Chromium, Sel-Chromic, Chromous salts (as Cr)

-

0.5

-

-

Copper fume

-

0.2

-

-

Cotton dust, raw

-

0.2

-

0.6

Cresol, all isomers-skin

5

22

-

-

Cyanides, (as CN)-skin

-

5

-

-

Cyanogen

10

20

-

-

DDT (Dichlorodiphenyl-trichlore-ethane)

-

-

-

3

Demeton-skin

0.01

0.1

0.03

0.3

Diazion-skin

-

0.1

-

0.3

Dibutyl phthalate

-

5

-

10

Dichlorves (DDVP)-skin

0.1

1

0.3

3

Dieldrin-skin

-

0.25

-

0.75

Dinitrobenzene (all isomers) skin

0.15

1

0.5

3

Dinitrotoluene-skin

-

1.5

-

5

Diphenyl 

0.2

1.5

0.6

4

Endosulfan (Thiodan)-skin

-

0.1

-

0.3

Endrin-skin

-

0.1

-

0.3

Ethyl acetate 

400

1000

-

-

Ethyl alcohol 

1000

1900

-

-

Ethyl amine

10

18

-

-

Flourides (as F)

-

2.5

-

-

Flourine   

1

2

2

4

Hydrogen Cyanide-skin

10

11

15

16

Hydrogen sulfide

10

15

15

27

Iron oxide fume (Fe2O3 as Fe)

-

5

-

10

Isoamyl alcohol

100

360

125

450

Isobutylalcohol

50

150

75

225

Lead, inorg, fumes and dusts (as Pb)

-

0.15

-

0.45

Lindane-skin

-

0.5

-

1.5

Mala thion-skin

-

10

-

-

Manganese fume (as Mn)

-

1

-

3

Mercury (as Hg)

-

0.05

-

0.15

Mercury (alkyl compounds)-skin (as Hg)

0.001

0.01

0.003

0.03

Methyl alcohol (methanol) skin

200

260

250

310

Methyl cellosolve-skin (2-methoxy ethanol)

25

80

35

120

Methyl isobutyl ketone-skin

100

410

125

510

Naphthalene 

10

50

15

75

Nickel carbonyl (as Ni)

0.05

0.35

-

-

Nitric acid

2

5

4

10

Nitric oxide

25

30

35

45

Nitrobenzene-skin  

1

5

2

10

Oil mist-mineral

-

5

-

10

Parathion-skin

-

0.1

-

0.3

Phenel-skin

5

19

10

38

Phorate (Thimet)-skin

-

0.05

-

0.2

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride)

0.1

0.4

-

-

Phosphine

0.3

0.4

1

1

Phosphorous (yellow)

-

0.1

-

0.3

Phosphorous pentachloride

-

1

-

3

Phosphorous trichloride

0.5

3

.-

-

Picric acid-skin

-

0.1

-

0.3

Pyridine

5

15

10

30

Silane (silicon tetrahydride)

0.5

0.7

1

1.5

Styrene, monomer (phenyl-ethylene)

100

420

125

525

Sulphur dioxide

5

13

-

-

Sulphuric acid

-

1

-

-

Toluene (toluol)-skin

100

375

150

560

0-Toludine

522

10

44

 

Trichloroethylene

100

535

150

800

Vinyl chloride

5

10

-

-

Welding fumes (NOC)

-

5

-

-

Xylene (o-m-isomers)-skin

100

435

150

655

 

TABLE – 2

 

Substance                              Permissible time weighted average concentration

 

 

1.   Silica

(a)   Crystalline

 

(i)           Quartz                                                       1060 

--------------------------------- mppcm

          (1)     In terms of dust count : -                      % Quartz + 10

 

          

          (2)      In terms of respirable dust                           10

                                                                       --------------------------------  mg/m3

                                                                          % respirable quartz + 2

 

          (3)      In terms of total dust :                                  30

                                                                     ----------------------------- mg/m3

                                                                                       % quartz + 3

    

            (ii) Cristobalite                                   Half the limits given against quartz

            (iii) Tridymite                                      Half the limits given against quartz

            (iv) Silica fused                                  Same limit as for quartz

            (v) Tripoli                                            Same limit as in formula in item 2

given against quartz

     

(b) Amorphous                                  705 mppcm

 

2. Silicate having less than 1%

    free silica by weight

 

(a)   Asbestos

      (fibres longer than 5 microns)    2 fibres/cubic centimetre

(b) Mica                                              705 mppcm

 (c) Mineral Wool fibre                      10 mg/m3

 (d) Porlite                                          1060 mppcm

 (e) Portland cement                         1060 mppcm 

 (f) Soap stone                                   705 mppcm

 (g) Talc (nonobostiform)                  705 mppcm

 (h) Talc (fibrous)                                Same limit as for asbestos

 (i) Tromolite                                       Same limit as for asbestos

 

3. Coal dust

 

(1)   For airborne dust having less

      than 5 % silicon dioxide

      by weight                                        2mg/m3      

 

      (2) For airborne dust having              Same limit as prescribed by   

           over 5% silicon dioxide                 formula in item (2) against quartz.

 

 

TABLE - 3

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Substance                                        Permissible limit of exposure

ppm          mg/m3

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Acetic anhydride                                           5                      20

O-Dichlorobenzene                                       50                    300

Formaldehyde                                               2                      3

Hydrogen Chloride                                        5                      7

Manganese & compounds (as Mn)             -                       5

Nitrogen dioxide                                            5                      9

Nitroglycerin-skin                                          0.2                   2

Potassium hydroxide                                    -                       2

Sodium hydroxide                                         -                       2

2,4,6 - Trinitrotoluene (TNT)                         -                       0.5

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

129.    Muster roll

The manager of every factory shall maintain a muster roll of all the workers employed in the factory in Form 31 showing (a) the name of each worker, (b) the nature of his work and (c) the daily attendance of the worker :

Provided that, if the daily attendance is noted in the register of adult worker in Form 17 or the particulars required under this rule are noted in any other register, a separate muster roll required under this rule need not be maintained.

130.    Register of accidents and dangerous occurrences

The manager of every factory shall maintain a register of all accidents and dangerous occurrences which occur in the factory in Form 32.

 

131.    Maintenance of inspection book

The manager of every factory shall maintain a bound inspection book and shall produce it when so required by the Inspector or Certifying Surgeon.

 

132.    Information regarding closure of factories

The occupier or manager of every factory shall report to the Inspector any intended closure of the factory or any section or department thereof immediately it is decided to do so, intimating the reason for the closure, the number of workers on the register on the date of the report, the number of workers likely to be affected by the closure and probable period of the closure.  Information as to the particulars and quantity of stored chemicals and action taken or proposed to be taken to ensure safety from those chemicals and action taken or proposed to be taken to ensure safety from those chemicals while in storage during such closure shall also be furnished along with the report of intended closure.  An intimation should also be sent to the Inspector as soon as the factory or the section or department of the factory, as the case may be, starts working again.