MANAGEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH

AT UNIT LEVEL

The Chapter as is evident, deals with the management of occupational safety and health at the unit level, i.e. manufacturing units. The state has a total no. of  2140 manufacturing units, the breakup of which according to factories registered under Section 2(m), Section 85 of the Factories Act, 1948 is given in  Chapter - 4.  In order to have a fair idea, about the safety and health status in these units, the following aspects on safety and health have been covered under the Chapter :- 

 

7.1 Safety Policy

7.2 Appointment of Safety Officers

7.3 Safety Committee

7.4 Occupational health centers (FMO, Ambulance)

7.5 Welfare (WO, Canteen, creche, lunch room, shelter etc.)

7.6 On-site emergency plans

7.7 Safety reports

7.8 Safety audits

7.9 HAZOP studies

 

There are certain statutory requirements as provided under the Factories Act, 1948 and Rules framed there under, for each of the aspects stated above. Items 7.6 to 7.9 are additional requirement exclusively applicable to MAH installations which are covered by separate set of rules.  Each of the aspect with its status has been discussed in the following paragraphs. 

 

SAFETY POLICY    

 

As per the provisions of Sections 7A(3), 41-B(2) and 112 requires preparation of a written statement of policy in respect of health and safety of workers at work by the factories meeting the following criteria :-

 

a)      Units covered under Section 2(m)(i) of the Factories Act, 1948 and employing more  than 50 workers

 

b)      Units covered under Section 2(m)(ii) of the Factories Act, 1948 and employing more than 100  workers 

c)      Units covered under Section 87 of the Factories Act, 1948  

d)      Units covered under Section 2(cb) of the Factories Act, 1948  

 

In addition to the above, the Chief Inspector may require the occupier of any of the factories or class or description of factories to comply with the above requirements of Safety Policy if in his opinion it is expedient to do so.

 

As per the details available 66 units required preparation of safety policy, 66 units have prepared the safety policy which is 100% of the total.

 

APPOINTMENT OF SAFETY OFFICERS

 

As per the provisions of Section 40-B of the Factories Act, 1948, Safety Officer is required to be appointed for the units meeting the following criteria :-

 

(a)     Units employing more than 1000 workers, units  wherein   any   manufacturing  process  or  operation  is  carried  on Involving any  risk of bodily injury, poisoning or diseases or any hazard to health.

 

As per the details available, 8 Safety Officers were required to be appointed. As against this 8 Safety Officers were appointed in various factories in the State.

 

SAFETY COMMITTEE  

 

 As per the provisions of Section 41 and 41-G of the Factories Act, 1948 require constitution of Safety Committee in the factories meeting the following criteria:-

a)      Units employing 250 or more workers

b)      Units covered under Section 87 of the Factories Act, 1948 and employing more than 50 workers

c)      Units covered under Section 2(cb) of the Factories Act, 1948 and employing more than 50 workers

 

As per information available 66 units required constitution of Safety Committees. All the 66 units have constituted Safety Committees.

 

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH CENTERS

 

As per the provisions under the Section 41-C of the Factories Act, 1948 Occupational Health Centers are required to be set up in the Factories carrying and ‘hazardous process’ as described under Section 2(cb) of the Act.  The Industries have been divided into 3 categories.  i.e. the industries employing up to 50 workers, employing 51 – 100 workers and employing more than 200 workers.   No information is available regarding requirement and establishment of Occupational Health Centers in factories.  However in 19 factories submitting complete annual returns, ambulance room have been set up.

 

WELFARE

 

This part of the Chapter deals with the Welfare facilities e.g. appointment of Welfare officer, crèche facilities, canteen facilities, shelters, rest room and lunch room. 

 

As per the provisions of Section 49 of the Factories Act, 1948 any factory employing more than 500 workers is required to employ a Welfare Officer.  As per the details available 19 units were required to appoint the welfare officers.  All the 19 units have actually appointed the welfare officers.

 

As per the provisions under Section 48 of the Factories Act, 1948 any factory employing 30 or more women workers are required to provide creche facilities for the use of children under the age of 6 years for the women employees.  There are certain requirements under the Section for these creches which are to be met by the occupier of the factory.

 

As per the details available 18 units have  provided the creche facilities.

 

As per the provisions under Section 47 of the Factories Act, 1948 any factory employing more than 150 workers is required to provide adequate and suitable shelters or rest rooms and lunch rooms for the use of the workers employed.

 

As per the details available 48 units have  provided the shelters or rest rooms and 48 units have provided lunch rooms facilities.

 

As per the provisions under Section 46 of the Factories Act, 1948 any factory employing more than 250 workers is required to provide canteen facilities for the use of workers.

 

As per the details available 56 units have provided canteen facilities.

 

As stated earlier items 7.6 to 7.9 are the additional items exclusively applicable to Major Accident Hazard Control Unit.  There are a total number of two working MAH units in the State.  The Statutory requirement for the units are covered under Section 41-B of the Factories Act, 1948.  The Statutory requirement for the above items and their status is discussed in the following paragraphs.

 

ON-SITE EMERGENCY PLANS

 

As  per  the  information  available  two no. of  MAH installations were required to prepare the on-site emergency plan.  Two MAH installation have prepared the plans and submitted to the Director of Factories.

 

SAFETY REPORTS AND SAFETY AUDITS

 

As per the information available two no. of units were required to prepare Safety Reports.  Two units have prepared the Safety Report and submitted to the Director of Factories.  Further, 33 units have carried safety audit and submitted reports to the Director of Factories.

 

 

RISK ASSESSMENT STUDIES

 

The HAZOP Studies i.e. the hazard and operability studies are carried out in advance on any plant to examine the process or at least the relevant parts of the process to discover how deviation from the intention of design can occur to decide whether such deviations can give rise to hazardous conditions.

 

The technique aims to simulate the imagination of designer in a systematic way and is useful in identifying potential hazards in advance and allow the user to take corrective measures.

 

As per the information available 25 units have conducted risk assessment studies.