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[Act No. 63 of 1948] As amended by the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987    

  Sections                                            Title 
CHAPTER - I  Preliminary  
  1. Short title, extent and commencement 
  2. Interpretation
  3. References to time of day
  4. Power to declare different depertments to be separate
  5. Factories or two or more factories to be a single factory
  6. Power to exempt during public emergency
  7. Approval, licensing and registration of factories
    1. General duties of the occupier
    2. General duties of manufacturers etc., as regards articlesand substances for use in factoriesNotice by occcupier


CHAPTER - II  The Inspecting Staff                  
  1. Inspectors
  2. Powers of Inspectors
  3. Certifying Suregons   
CHAPTER - III  Health           
  1. Cleanliness
  2. Disposal of wastes and effluents
  3. Ventilation and temperature
  4. Dust and fume
  5. Artificial humidification
  6. Over-crowding
  7. Lighting
  8. Drinking water
  9. Latrines and urinals
  10. Spittoons


CHAPTER - IV  Safety            
  1. Fencing of machinery
  2. Work on or near machinery in motion
  3. Employment of young persons on dangerous machines
  4. Striking gear and devices for cutting off power 
  5. Self-acting machines
  6. Casing of new machinery 
  7. Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers
  8. Hoists and lifts
  9. Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles
  10. Revolving machinery
  11. Pressure Plant
  12. Floors, stairs and means of access
  13. Pits, sumps, openings in floors, etc
  14. Excessive weights
  15. Protection of eyes
  16. Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases, etc
    1. Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light
  17. Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc
  18. Precautions in case of fire
  19. Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests
  20. Safety of buildings and machinery
    1. Maintenance of buildings
    2. Safety officers
  21. Power to make rules to supplement this Chapterof stability


CHAPTER - IVA  Provisions relating to Hazardous processes          

    41a.Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees    
    41b.Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier    
    41c.Specific responsibility of the occupier in relation to hazardousprocesses    
    41d.Power of Central Governments to appoint Inquiry Committee    
    41e.Emergency standards     
    41f. Permissible limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances    
    41g.Worker's participation in safety management     
    41h.Right of workers to warn about imminent danger 


CHAPTER - V  Welfare      

  1. Washing facilities
  2. Facilities for storing and drying clothing
  3. Facilities for sitting 
  4. First-aid appliances
  5. Canteens
  6. Shelters, rest-rooms and lunch-rooms
  7. Creches
  8. Welfare Officers
  9. Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter    

CHAPTER - VI  Working hours of adults

  1. Weekly hours
  2. Weekly holidys
  3. Compensator holidays
  4. Daily hours
  5. Intervals for rest
  6. Spread-over
  7. Night shifts
  8. Prohibition of overlapping shifts
  9. Extra wages for overtime
  10. Restriction on double employment
  11. Notice of periods of work for adults
  12. Register of adult workers
  13. Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 61 andregister under section 62
  14. Power to make exempting rule
  15. Power to make exempting orders
  16. Further restrictions on employment of women      
CHAPTER - VII  Employment of young persons   
  1. Prohibition of employment of young children
  2. Non-adult workers to carry tokens
  3. Certificate of fitness
  4. Effect of certificate of fitness granted to adolescent 
  5. Working hours for children
  6. Notice of periods of work for children
  7. Register of child workers
  8. Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 72and register under section 73
  9. Power to require medical examination
  10. Power to make rules
  11. Certain other provisions of law not barred    
CHAPTER - VIII  Annual leave with wages    
  1. Application of Chapter
  2. Annual leave with wages
  3. Wages during leave period
  4. Payment in advance in certain cases
  5. Mode of recovery of unpaid wages
  6. Power to make rules
  7. Power to exempt factories


CHAPTER IX  Special Provisions

  1. Power to apply the Act to certain premises
  2. Power to exempt public institutions
  3. Dangerous operations
    1. Power to prohibit employment on account of serious hazard
  4. Notice of certain accident
    1. Notice of certain dangerous occurences
  5. Notice of certain diseases
  6. Power to direct inquiry into cases of accident or disease
  7. Power to take samples
    1. Safety and occupational health surveys

CHAPTER - X  Penalties and procedure   

  1. General penalty for offences
  2. Liablility of owner of premises in certain circumstances
  3. Enhanced penalty after previous conviction
  4. Penalty for obstructing Inspector
  5. Penalty for wrongfully disclosing results of analysis undersection 91
    1. Penalty for contravention of the provisions of sections 41B, 41Cand 41H
  6. Offences by workers
  7. Penalty for using false certificate of fitness
  8. Penalty for permitting double employment of child 
  9. Omitted by the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987
  10. Exemption of occupier or manager from liability in certain cases
  11.  Power of Court to make orders
  12.  Presumption as to employment
  13.  Onus as to age
    1. Onus of proving limits of what practicable, etc
  14.   Cognizance of offences
  15. Limitation of prosecution
    1. Jurisdiction of a Court for entertaining proceedings, etc.for offence
  CHAPTER - XI  Supplemental   
  1. Appeals
  2. Display of notices
  3. Service of notices
  4. Returns
  5.  Obligation of workers
    1. Right of workers, etc.  
  6. General Power to make rules
  7. Powers of Centre to give Directions
  8. No charge for facilities and conveniences
  9. Publication of rules
  10. Application of Act to Government factories
  11. Protection to persons acting under this Act
  12. Restriction on disclosure of information
    1. Restriction on disclosure of information   
  13. Act to have effect notwithstanding anything contained in Act 37of 1970
  14. Repeal and savings



The First Schedule       :List of Industries involving hazardous processes
The Second Schedule  :Permissible levels of certain chemical substancesin work environment   
The Third Schedule      :List of notifiable diseases